Wordsworth's Second Nature
A Study of the Poetry and Politics
Central to the discussion, which restores Wordsworth to both the French and English contexts in which he matured, is a consideration of his relation to Rousseau and Burke. Chandler maintains that by the time Wordsworth set forth his "program for poetry" in 1798, he had turned away from the Rousseauist idea of nature that had informed his early republican writings. He had already become a poet of what Burke called "second nature"–human nature cultivated by custom, habit, and tradition–and an opponent of the quest for first principles that his friend Coleridge could not forsake. In his analysis of the poetry, Chandler suggests that even Wordsworth's most apparently private moments, the lyrical "spots of time," ideologically embodied the uncalculated habits of an oral narrative discipline and a native English mind.
1. Beginning with Wordsworth
2. Burke Blamed and Praised
3. A Poet's Reflections on the Revolution in France
4. The Uses of Second Nature
5. Rousseau and the Politics of Education
6. Natural Lore
8. The Discipline of an English Poet's Mind
9. An Ideology against "Ideology"
Index of Wordsworth's Writings