Melodramma in Three Acts, Libretto by Francesco Maria Piave
far from a success. Verdi declared its 1853 premiere a "fiasco," and
later reworked parts of five pieces in the first two acts, retaining the
original setting for the rest. The first performance of the new version
in 1854 was a tremendous success, and the opera was quickly taken up by
theaters around the world.
This critical edition presents the 1854 version as the main score, and
also makes available for the first time in full score the original 1853
settings of the revised pieces. For this edition Fabrizio della Seta
used not only the composer's autograph and many secondary sources, but
also Verdi's previously unknown sketches. These sketches helped
corroborate the original readings and illuminate the work's
compositional stages. The editor's wide-ranging introduction traces the
opera's genesis, sources, performance history and practices, and a
detailed critical commentary discusses source problems and ambiguities.