Parks and People

Managing Outdoor Recreation at Acadia National Park

Edited by Robert E. Manning

Edited by Robert E. Manning

Distributed for University Press of New England

Parks and People describes fifteen years of research at Maine’s Acadia National Park, conducted by Robert E. Manning, his colleagues, and students. The book is organized into three parts. Part I addresses indicators and standards of quality for park resources and the visitor experience. Part II describes efforts to monitor indicator variables. Part III outlines and assesses management actions designed to maintain standards of quality. The book concludes with a discussion of the implications of this program of natural and social science research, including a series of principles for outdoor recreation management at Acadia and other parks.
Contents
Preface • Acknowledgments • Introduction: Outdoor Recreation Research and Management at Acadia National Park – Charles Jacobi and Robert Manning • INDICATORS AND STANDARDS OF QUALITY • Visitor Use of Acadia National Park – Margaret Littlejohn • Standards of Quality in Parks and Outdoor Recreation – Robert Manning, Charles Jacobi, William Valliere, and Ben Wang • Indicators and Standards of Quality for the Schoodic Peninsula – James Bacon, Robert Manning, Steven Lawson, William Valliere, and Daniel Laven • Indicators and Standards of Quality for Trail and Campsite Conditions at Isle au Haut – Jeffrey Marion • Indicators of Quality of the Visitor Experience on Ocean Drive – Jeffrey Hallo and Robert Manning • Research to Guide Trail Management at Acadia National Park – Kelly Goonan, Robert Manning, and William Valliere • Indicators and Standards of Quality across Space and Time – Laura Anderson, Robert Manning, and William Valliere • Do Parks Make Good Neighbors? Community Residents’ Perceptions of Acadia National Park – Robert Manning • Design and Assessment of Transportation Systems on Mount Desert Island – Carole Zimmerman, John Daigle, and James Pol • Crowding in Parks and Outdoor Recreation – Robert Manning, William Valliere, Ben Minteer, Ben Wang, and Charles Jacobi • Crowding, Conflict, and Coping in Outdoor Recreation – Robert Manning and William Valliere • Use of Visual Research Methods to Measure Standards of Quality for Parks and Outdoor Recreation – Robert Manning and Wayne Freimund • Alternative Measurement Approaches for Normative Standards of Crowding in Parks and Outdoor Recreation – Robert Manning, William Valliere, Ben Wang, and Charles Jacobi • What’s Behind the Numbers? Qualitative Insights into Normative Research in Outdoor Recreation – Robert Manning, Jennifer Morrissey, and Steven Lawson • MONITORING • Monitoring Recreation Visits to Acadia National Park – Ken Hornback and Robert Manning • Design and Implementation of a Monitoring Program for the Carriage Roads – Charles Jacobi • Computer Simulation Modeling as a Monitoring Tool for the Carriage Roads – Ben Wang and Robert Manning • Monitoring and Assessing Trail Conditions at Acadia National Park – Jeffrey Marion, Jeremy Wimpey, and Logan Park • Monitoring Visitor Impacts on Cadillac Mountain Using Remote Sensing – Min Kim • Monitoring Parking Lot Conditions to Assess the Effectiveness of Alternative Transportation and Travel Information Technologies at Acadia National Park – John Daigle and Carole Zimmerman • MANAGEMENT • Managing Visitor Impacts on Cadillac Mountain – Logan Park, Robert Manning, Jeffrey Marion, Steven Lawson, and Charles Jacobi • Using Computer Simulation Modeling to Support Management of Social Carrying Capacity of Ocean Drive – Jeffrey Hallo and Robert Manning • A Comparative Study of Tradeoffs among Trail Attributes at Acadia National Park – Kerri Cahill, Jeffrey Marion, and Steven Lawson • A Stated-Choice Analysis of Visitor Preferences on Cadillac Mountain – Steven Bullock and Steven Lawson • Assessing the Effectiveness of Intelligent Transportation System Technology to Manage Visitor Use at Acadia National Park – John Daigle and Carole Zimmerman • An Experiment in Park Traffic Patterns on the Acadia National Park Loop Road – Robert Manning • Conclusion: Managing Parks and People – Robert Manning • References Cited • Index
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