Pennies for Heaven

The History of American Synagogues and Money

Daniel Judson

Pennies for Heaven

Daniel Judson

Distributed for Brandeis University Press

256 pages | 6 x 9
Paper $35.00 ISBN: 9781512602753 Published June 2018
Cloth $95.00 ISBN: 9781512602746 Published June 2018
In the annals of American Jewish history, synagogue financial records have been largely overlooked. But as Daniel Judson shows in his examination of synagogue ledgers from 1728 to the present, these records provide an array of new insights into the development of American synagogues and the values of the Jews who worshipped in them. Looking at the history of American synagogues through an economic lens, Judson examines how synagogues raised funds, financed buildings, and paid clergy. By “following the money,” he reveals the priorities of the Jewish community at a given time. Throughout the book, Judson traces the history of capital campaigns and expenditures for buildings. He also explores synagogue competition and debates over previously sold seats, what to do about wealthy widows, the breaking down of gender norms, the hazan “bubble” (which saw dozens of overpaid cantors come to the United States from Europe), the successful move to outlaw “mushroom synagogues,” and the nascent synagogue-sharing economy of the twenty-first century. Judson shows as well the ongoing relationship of synagogue and church financing as well as the ways in which the American embrace of the free market in all things meant that the basic rules of supply and demand ultimately prevailed in the religious as well as the commercial realm.
Contents
Acknowledgments • Introduction • “The Foundation Stones Are Now for Sale”: 1728–1805 • “So Paltry a Way of Support”: 1805–1865 • Mushroom Synagogues, Free Synagogues, and the Hazan Craze: 1865–1919 • “No Aristocracy and No Snobocracy: In God’s House All Must Be Equal”: 1919–1945 • “If It Has to Be Done, It Should at Least Be Done in a Dignified Way”: 1945–Today • Conclusion: Today–Tomorrow • Notes • Bibliography • Index
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