Paper $45.95 ISBN: 9781842774175 Published January 2005 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $108.95 ISBN: 9781842774168 Published January 2005 For sale in North and South America only

Anthropology and Development

Understanding Contemporary Social Change

Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan

Anthropology and Development

Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan

Distributed for Zed Books

256 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5
Paper $45.95 ISBN: 9781842774175 Published January 2005 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $108.95 ISBN: 9781842774168 Published January 2005 For sale in North and South America only
This book re-establishes the relevance of mainstream anthropological (and sociological) approaches to development processes and simultaneously recognizes that contemporary development ought to be anthropology‘s principal area of study. Professor de Sardan argues for a socio-anthropology of change and development that is a deeply empirical, multidimensional, diachronic study of social groups and their interactions.

The Introduction provides a thought-provoking examination of the principal new approaches that have emerged in the discipline during the 1990s. Part I then makes clear the complexity of social change and development, and the ways in which socio-anthropology can measure up to the challenge of this complexity. Part II looks more closely at some of the leading variables involved in the development process, including relations of production; the logics of social action; the nature of knowledge; forms of mediation; and ‘political‘ strategies.

Following its successful publication in French, this important book will provoke much thoughtful debate within Anthropology, Sociology and Development Studies.
1. Introduction: The three approaches in the anthropology of development

The discourse of development
Populism, anthropology and development
Entangled social logic approaches
Conclusion: the future of the entangled social logics approach and its work in progress (research in Africa and beyond)

2. Socio-anthropology of Development: some preliminary statements

Socio-anthropology of development
A collective problematic
Social change and development: in Africa or in general?

3. Anthropology, Sociology, Africa and Development: a brief historical overview

French colonial ethnology
Reactions: dynamic and/or Marxist anthropology
From a sociological viewpoint: sociology of modernization and sociology of development
Systems analysis
The current situation: multi-rationalities

4. A renewal of anthropology?

To the rescue of social science?
The ’properties’ of  ’development facts’
Two ’heuristic points of view’
Anthropology of social change and development and the fields of anthropology

5. Stereotypes, ideologies and conceptions

A meta-ideology of development
Infra-ideologies: conceptions
Five stereotypes
The relative truth of stereotypes: the example of culture
The propensity for stereotypes: the example of needs

6. Is an anthropology of innovation possible?
A panorama in four points of view
Is an innovation’s problematic possible in anthropology?

7. Developmentist populism and social science populism : ideology, action, knowledge

Intellectuals and their ambiguous populism
The poor according to Chambers
The developmentist populist complex
Moral populism
Cognitive populism and methodological populism
Ideological populism
Populism and miserabilism
Where action becomes compromise ... and where knowledge can become opposition...
... yet methodology should combine!

8. Relations of production and modes of economic action

Songhay-zarma societies under colonization: peasant mode of production and relations of production
Subsistence logic during the colonial period
Relations of production and contemporary transformations

9. Development projects and social logic

The context of interaction
Levels of project coherence
Peasant reactions
Two principles
Three logics, among many others
Strategic logics and notional logics

10. Popular knowledge and scientific and technical knowledge

Popular technical knowledge
A few properties of popular technical knowledge
Popular technical knowledge and technical-scientific knowledge
Fields of popular knowledge and infrastructure

11. Mediations and brokerage

Development agents
A parenthesis on corruption
Development agents as mediators between types of knowledge
The development language

12. Arenas and strategic games

Local development as a political arena
Conflict, arena, strategic groups
The ECRIS canvass

13. Conclusion : The dialogue between social scientists and developers

Logic of knowledge and logic of action
Action Research?
Training development agents
Adapting to side-tracking
On enquiry


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