From Cottage to Bungalow

Houses and the Working Class in Metropolitan Chicago, 1869-1929

Joseph C. Bigott

From Cottage to Bungalow

Joseph C. Bigott

264 pages | 125 halftones, 23 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2001
Cloth $60.00 ISBN: 9780226048758 Published August 2001
It’s hard to overestimate the complexity of the factors that dictate something as simple as where, and in what sorts of structures, people live. Urban planning, business, labor, ethnicity, architecture—each influences the types of structures people live in, and the sorts of lives they lead within them.

Joseph C. Bigott takes on all of these fields in From Cottage to Bungalow, a sophisticated study of domestic structures and ethnic working-class neighborhoods in Chicago during the critical period of 1869 to 1929, when the city attracted huge numbers of immigrants. Exploring the meaning of home ownership in this context, Bigott develops two case studies that combine the intimate lives of ordinary people (primarily in Chicago’s Polish and German communities) with broad analysis of everything from real estate markets to the very carpentry practices used to construct houses. His progressive methods and the novel conclusions they support chronicle not only the history of housing in Chicago, but also the organizations of people’s lives, and the ways in which housing has affected notions of who is—and who is not—a worthy American citizen.

List of Illustrations
Introduction From Cottage to Bungalow
Part One: The Evolution of Common House Forms
Chapter One The Evolution of Construction Practice and House Forms in Chicago, 1830-1930
Construction Practice in Illinois
Factory-Produced Millwork and Component Parts
From Rural to Urban Forms
Part Two: Local Capitalism and the Origins of the Working-Class Market
Chapter Two Creating Hammond
The Creation of an Industrial Site at Hammond
Local Capital
The Housing Market in Hammond
Chapter Three Local Politics and the Pullman Strike
Local Politics and Community Development in Hammond
The Origins of the Pullman Strike
The Pullman Strike in Hammond
The Aftermath
Part Three: New Immigrants, Citizenship, and Chicago’s Housing Market
Chapter Four Chicago Polonia and the Complex Market
Community Formation and Parish Life
The Nature of Chicago’s Immigrant Housing Market
Changing Neighborhoods and the Evolution of a Complex Market
Part Four: Polish Community Life and the Development of
West Hammond
Chapter Five Polish Settlement in West Hammond
The Syndicate
The Settlers
Chapter Six First-Generation Politics and Reform in West Hammond
First-Generation Politics
Local Reform and the Vice District
Chapter Seven The New Civic Culture
Rebuilding West Hammond
Prohibition and the Business Administration
World War I, Prosperity, and the New Civic Culture
Expanding the New Civic Culture
The Emergence of Polish-American Culture
Conclusion The Search for Order

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