Paper $41.95 ISBN: 9781856498982 Published April 2001 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $90.95 ISBN: 9781856498975 Published April 2001 For sale in North and South America only

Victims, Perpetrators or Actors

Gender, Armed Conflict and Political Violence

Caroline O. N. Moser and Fiona C. Clark

Victims, Perpetrators or Actors

Caroline O. N. Moser and Fiona C. Clark

Distributed for Zed Books

256 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5 | © 2001  
Paper $41.95 ISBN: 9781856498982 Published April 2001 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $90.95 ISBN: 9781856498975 Published April 2001 For sale in North and South America only
Increasing levels of global conflict and political violence, as well as the higher profile of many 'simmering' confrontations, provide critical challenges for development theorists and practitioners. While numerous countries have endured decades of armed conflict, others live under the permanent menace of political violence. When peace accords are signed, economic and social violence often increase, particularly during the fragile transition to 'permanent' peace. Throughout, the gendered impacts of armed conflict and political violence are key issues. 

The objective of this book is to provide a holistic analysis of the gendered nature of armed conflict and political violence, and a broader understanding of the complex, changing roles and power relations between women and men during such circumstances. Currently armed conflict and political violence are predominantly viewed as 'male domains', perpetrated by men, whether as armed forces, guerilla groups, paramilitaries or peacemakers. The unavoidable, or deliberate, involvement of women has received far less attention with a tendency to portray a simplistic division of roles between men as aggressors, and women as victims, particularly of sexual abuse. Consequently the gendered causes, costs and consequences of violent conflicts have been at best underrepresented, while more often misrepresented.

Through empirical case studies from different regions of the world written by authors from both North and South, the book aims to address four key issues; first, that men and women are both actors and victims throughout violent conflict; second, that the stages of conflict (pre, during and post) are all parts of a complex iterative process rather than self-contained phases with gendered implications throughout; third, that political, economic and social violence form a continuum with their impact requiring gender analysis; and fourth that local, community organizations run and managed by women play a key role throughout conflict situations not only for the provision of basic needs, but also occupying 'advocacy space', and fostering the trust and collaboration - the 'social capital' - that are so critical in reconciliation processes. 
Contents
Part 1: Contextual Issues on Gender, Armed Conflict and Political Violence
1.Introduction - Caroline O.N. Moser and Fiona Clark
2. The Gendered Dynamics of Armed Conflict and Political Violence - Cynthia Cockburn
3. The Gendered Continuum of Violence and Conflict: An Operational Framework - Caroline O.N. Moser

Part 2: The Politics of Victimization: Sexual Abuse and Violence
4. The Political Economy of Rape: An Analysis of Systematic Rape and Sexual Abuse of Women during Armed Conflict in Africa - Meredeth Turshen
5. The Body of the Other Man: Sexual Violence and the Construction of Masculinity, Sexuality and Ethnicity in the Croatian Media - Dubravka Zarkov

Part 3: Gender, Power and Agency
6. Rethinking Women Struggle in Israel/Palestine and in the North of Ireland - Simona Sharoni
7. Women and Communal Conflict: New Challenges for the Women's Movement in India - Urvashi Butalia

Part 4: Women as Actors in Armed Conflict and Political Violence
8. El Salvador: Women and Untold Stories - Women Guerrillas - Ana Cristina Ibáñez

Part 5: 'Doing' and 'Being': Questions of Identity in Displacement
9. The Nostalgic Future: Terror, Displacement and Gender in Colombia - Donny Meertens

Part 6: Agency and Identity in Building Sustainable Peace
10. Social Organisations: From Victims to Actors in Peace Building? - Isabel Coral Cordero
11. The Challenge to Inequality: Women, Discrimination and Decision-making in Northern Ireland - Marie Mulholland
12. Gender and Social Capital in Contexts of Political Violence: Community Perceptions from Colombia and Guatemala - Caroline O. N. Moser and Cathy McIlwaine

Part 7: Gender and Voice in Truth and Reconciliation
13. Locked into Loss and Silence: Testimonies of Gender and Violence at the South Africa Truth Commission - Antjie Krog
For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
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