Paper $36.95 ISBN: 9781842776254 Published November 2005 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $107.95 ISBN: 9781842776247 Published November 2005 For sale in North and South America only

Sex Traffic

Prostitution, Crime and Exploitation

Paola Monzini

Sex Traffic

Paola Monzini

Distributed for Zed Books

208 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5 | © 2005  
Paper $36.95 ISBN: 9781842776254 Published November 2005 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $107.95 ISBN: 9781842776247 Published November 2005 For sale in North and South America only
'Critically addressing gender relationships, the author gives a poignant account of the linkage between sexual exploitation, prostitution and human trafficking. Violence and gender is an old problem to which the author responds with a new awareness. Placing the emphasis on the pull factors and exploitation structures in the destination countries, she invariably takes the reader back to the root causes, among which patriarchal structures, the myth of male superiority and the mind-sets of men as well as the prevailing market mechanisms provide fuel for discrimination on the basis of sex and race.' - Helga Konrad OSCE Special Representative on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings

'This absorbing, thoughtful and elegantly-written book gives readers a major insight -both empathetic and analytical - into the demand, supply and contextual mechanisms that underlie the traffic in women and other forms of living off prostitution that have spread along with it.' - Professor Michael Levi, Professor of Criminology, Cardiff University

'An uncompromising analysis of how inequality at international level designates who buys and violently possesses whom and of how disadvantaged countries, in order to survive, are required to deliver sex services to the men of sexually 'liberated' countries'' - Professor Vincenzo Ruggerio, Middlesex University

1. The Global Sex Market
The Cultural Setting
Some notes on customers
The social role of the prostitute
The exploitation of prostitution
Market Trends
The global boom in commercial sex
Virtual travel and sexual desire
Travelling customers and the new horizons of paid sex
Migrant Prostitutes and the Transnational Market
Pretty, exotic and cheap
Living and working conditions
Independent prostitutes, exploited women and victims of trafficking
Trafficking as an international problem
The International Debate on Prostitution

2. Female Emigration and Prostitution
The Countries of Origin
The feminization of poverty
The case of Russia and the ex-Soviet regions
The case of Nigeria
Opportunities to work abroad
'Informal' labour markets and migrant trafficking
The international female labour market
Entry into the commercial sex circuits
The decision to leave
Recruitment and deception

3. The Mechanisms of the Trade
The networks
Movements within Europe
From country of origin to country of transit: the case of Moldova
The mechanisms in other parts of the world
The Land Routes
The Albanian system
Delivery of women from the Balkans
Intercontinental trafficking
The organisation of Russian traffickers
The flow from Thailand
A complex system: the routes from Nigeria
The origins of trafficking
The stages of the journey
Exploitation in Italy
Other economic activity induced by trafficking
The commercial circuits
The ancillaries
Money transfers to the countries of origins

4. Prevention and strategies for change
Ways of controlling prostitution
The destination countries and the struggle against trafficking
Deportation to countries of origin

5. Concluding Remarks

6. Bibliography
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