Roman Camps in Wales and the Marches

Jeffrey L. Davies and Rebecca H. Jones

Roman Camps in Wales and the Marches
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Jeffrey L. Davies and Rebecca H. Jones

Distributed for University of Wales Press

230 pages | Illustrated throughout | 9 x 11 | © 2006
Cloth $85.00 ISBN: 9780708320792 Published October 2006 For sale in North and South America, Australia, and New Zealand only

The Roman army in Britain left a rich archaeological legacy in the form of permanently occupied installations such as legionary fortresses, auxiliary forts and frontier works. Less well-known are those field-works built by the army on campaign – marching-camps – or as part of its rigorous training regimes, namely practice-works. This volume presents a detailed study of these lesser-known field entrenchments in Wales and the Marches, a region which for a generation from the mid-first century AD became the focus of operations in southern Britain. Thereafter, complexes of practice-works in the vicinity of permanently occupied military bases illustrate the importance of the region to the training regimes of the provincial army.

This volume presents a detailed description of those varied camps recorded in Wales and the Marches in the form of a gazetteer, together with plans of all accessible sites, thereby complementing those already published for most of England by the RCAHME. The camps are discussed against the background of Roman military castramentation and tactics on a wide chronological and geographical front, with specific reference to the story of early campaigning in this western region, as well as the subsequent garrisoning phase, as illustrated by a combination of literary and archaeological evidence.

Acknowledgements and Abbreviations
Preface and Editorial Notes

Roman Camps in Wales and the Marches
I-The History of Camp Investigation in Wales and the Marches
II-The Problem of Classification
III-Camps: Survival and Distribution

IV-Choice of Site
V-The Orientation of the Camp
VI-The Morphology of the Camp
VII-The Defences of the Camp
VIII-Internal Structures
IX-The Reuse of Camps Within the Roman Period
X-The Chronology of the Marching-Camps
XI-The Holding Capacity of Marching-Camps
XII-Marching-Camps in Wales and the Marches: The Historical Context
XIII-Camp Groupings, Campaigning Routes and Tactics

XIV Practice-Camps

Possible Marching-Camps
Uncertain and Rejected 'Marching-Camps'
Reclassified 'Marching-Camps'
Possible Practice-Camps
Uncertain and Rejected 'Practice-Camps'

List of Illustrations
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