Rebellion to Integration

West Sumatra and the Indonesian Polity, 1926-1998

Audrey Kahin

Rebellion to Integration
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Audrey Kahin

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

336 pages | illustrated | © 2000
Paper $41.50 ISBN: 9789053563953 Published June 2000 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
This study deals with the political history of the Indonesian province of West Sumatra and the Minangkabau people from the late colonial period up to the present, focussing on the course and degree of their integration into the contemporary Indonesian state. The book provides a local perspective on the growth and development of the nationalist movement in Indonesia, the struggle for independence, and the trauma involved for West Sumatra in adapting to an Indonesian state based on very different concepts of government than those that animated the anticolonial struggle in the region. It also helps understand the backgrounds of the recent violent insurgence in several parts of the Indonesian archipelago against the rule of the Javanese-controlled central government.
Contents
Acknoledgements
Maps
Introduction
Prologue
 
Section I: Late Colonial Rule
 
Chapter1: Background and Eruption of the 1927 Rebellion
The Brink of Rebellion
Background to the Unrest
Centres of Opposition
  Padang Panjang
  Silungkang/Sawahlunto
  Padang
The Uprising
 
Chapter 2: The Crisis of the Early 1930s
Repercussions of 1927
Religious Nationalism
The Socialist Stream
  Youth Groups
  Hatta's Followers
  Tan Malaka's Pari
The Dutch Crackdown
Aftermath
  Cat and Mouse
 
Chapter 3: Nationalism in Prewar West Sumatra
Parties and Leadership
The Role of the Entrepreneurs
Schools in West Sumatra
Societal Divisions
The Closing Years of Dutch Rule
 
Chapter 4: West Sumatra under the Japanese
The Early Occupation
  Sukarno's Role
  Japanese Governor Yano Kenzo
Giyu Gun
  The Character of Giyu Gun
The Closing Phase
Japanese Legacy
 
Chapter 5: Independence Proclaimed
Facing the British
Establishing a Republican Administration
Crises in Early 1946
  The Return of Tan Malaka
  The People's Front in West Sumatra
  The Baso Movement
  Compromise with the Front
Islamic Dissension
  The March 3 Affair
The Military Side
Clashes with the Centre
  Sumatra's Civilian Government
  Rationalization of the Armed Forces
Political Alignments in Java and Sumatra
  Tan Malaka and His Influence
 
Chapter 6: Independence Achieved
West Sumatra under the Dutch Occupation
  The Attack
  The Republic's Emergency Government (PDRI)
Situjuh Batur and the Death of Chatib Suleiman
The Local Struggle
   Military Collapse and Internal Conflict
  Internal Defence and Security
  Revolutionary Trade
Failure of Dutch Plans for a Minangkabau State
End of the Armed Struggle
Legacy of the Revolution
 
Chapter 7: Disillusionment
Rejection of Federalism
  Establishment of a Unitary State
  Failure of Moves for Greater Regional Autonomy
Reaction in Sumatra
  Disillusionment in Aceh
  Freezing of West Sumatra's Civilian Institutions
Failure of the Electoral Road
  Religious Disaffection
  The 1955 Elections
Toward the Banteng Council
  Dissolution of the Banteng Division
The Banteng Council
 
Chapter 8: Defiance
Unrest in the Military
Success of the Banteng Council: December 1956-July 1957
  Military Achievements
  Economic Decentralization
  Political Support
      The Indonesian Communist Party
      Riau and Jambi
Repercussions at the Centre
  Hopes for Compromise
Impingement of Outside Forces and Moves toward a Break
  The Palembang Charter
  MUNAS
  The Issue of Communism
  Crises in Jakarta
  Toward the Break
 
Chapter 9: Defeat
Onset of the Civil War
Jakarta's Military Success
Parallels with the Revolution
Establishment of the Federal Government (RPI)
Defeat and Humiliation
Aftermath of the Rebellion
 
Chapter 10: Overthrow of the Old Order
The 1965 Upheaval
West Sumatra's Political Climate in the Early 1960s
The Role of General Mokoginta
The September 30 Movement in West Sumatra
Period of Transition
Suppression of the Communists in North Sumatra
Consolidating Jakarta's Power in West Sumatra
Advent of a New Regime
 
Chapter 11: Accomodation with the Centre
New Order Rule
Destroying the Political Parties
Destruction of the Nagari
Social and Economic Changes
  Governor Hasan Basri Durin
  The Changing Economy
  Role of the Perantau
Erosion of the New Order
  Fifty Years of Independence
Suharto's Resignation
 
Conclusion
'Reformasi' in West Sumatra
  Resignation of the Governor
The Era of Reform
  The Issues of Decentralization
  Elections
 
Bibliography of Secondary Sources
Notes
Index
For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
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