Paper $41.95 ISBN: 9781848135246 Published April 2011 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $134.95 ISBN: 9781848135239 Published April 2011 For sale in North and South America only

The Rise of Evo Morales and the MAS

Sven Harten

The Rise of Evo Morales and the MAS

Sven Harten

Distributed for Zed Books

256 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5
Paper $41.95 ISBN: 9781848135246 Published April 2011 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $134.95 ISBN: 9781848135239 Published April 2011 For sale in North and South America only
Contents
Preface: A Journey

PART I

1. Bolivia's Political History
- Crisis of Representation in Bolivia
- From Revolution to Dictatorship to Transition: 1952 - 1978
- Bolivian nationalism - a brief history
- Origins of Bolivian nationalism
- The 1952 Revolution and the Nacionalismo Revolucionario
- Assimilationist Nation
- Democratic Institutions sine Democratic Politics
- Coca: A brief sketch of a damned holy plant
- War on Drugs

2. Evo's youth and upbringing
- Evo
- Evo's University: Looking for another form of democracy
- School of Democracy
- Relative structurality of signifiers: origins of Evo Morales's notion of the nation

3. Rise of Coca Growers (mid 1980s to early 1990s)
- History of the Coca Growers' Movement
- Structuring Force of Society
- Internal functioning
- Formalized Organizational Structure
-The Assemblies
- Type and Sequence of Meetings
- Leadership
- Coca Discourse: Defending the sacred leaf
- Uniting heterogeneity in a chain of equivalence
- From stigmatized plant to symbol of sovereignty

PART II

4. Morales's Political Instrument? The creation of MAS (early 1990s)
- Brief history of the 'Instrumento Político' MAS
- MAS: a bottom-up perspective of the party
- Movement-Cum-Party
- Old wine in new bottles or really something new?
- President Morales: a product of the reforms of his adversaries?
- Long-term Grievances

5. Outside challengers rise amidst waves of protests (1995-2002)
- Second Generation Reforms
- Party Politics - Where is the 'silent revolution'?
- Waves of Conflicts
- War on drugs
- The Year 2000: a turning point?
- Guerra del Agua in 2000
- Guerra del Gas or Octubre Negro 2003
- Conclusion

6. MAS rises to political dominance (2002-2005)
- Reaching out to other social movements
- Lack of clear structures: A new form of doing politics?
- Institutionalizing party structures
- Opening the party lists
- Leadership
- Characteristics of leaders
- Election of candidates
- Organizational problems

7. Compañero Evo: The Symbol of the Pluricultural People
- The People
- Who are The People?
- Mobilizing people to become 'The People'
- The People and the Exercise of Power
- Construction of Identity
- 'The people' in Morales's discourse
- Somos MAS, Somos el Pueblo
- Who constitute 'the people' in Bolivia?
- Implications of the new articulation of 'the people'
- Conclusion

PART III

8. Bolivia´s first indigenous President (2005-2010)
- Bolivia under President Morales
- Morales: Nationalist and Populist?
- The Imagining of the Nation as 'Nation of Nations'
- The 'Plurinational' Nation
- Filling the 'Plurinational' Nation with Meaning
- What holds the diversity together
- Imagining the nation: recovering its sovereignty
- Imagining a 'productive' nation: re-thinking development
- Dignity
- A new imaginary of the nation: challenging existing power relations

9. Refounding the State – The Foundational Promise of Populism
- Introduction
- Building a New State - What had to change?
- Recover and Refound the State
- The Target of Change: Defining the StateError! Bookmark not defined.
- Refounding the New State - Alternative Form of Modernity
- Principles of a New State
- Relationship between culture and the state
- The Path to Change: Asamblea Constituyente
- Great Expectations: Constituent Assembly as collective ritual
- Bolivia's New ConstitutionError! Bookmark not defined.
- Analyzing the Role of the State
- Conclusion

10. Conclusion: The difficult road ahead President Morales and the MAS
-The dangerous path towards re-institutionalization
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