Paper $44.95 ISBN: 9781842776377 Published January 2008 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $108.95 ISBN: 9781842776360 Published January 2008 For sale in North and South America only

The Resistible Rise of Market Fundamentalism

Rethinking Development Policy in an Unbalanced World

Richard Kozul-Wright, Paul Rayment

The Resistible Rise of Market Fundamentalism

Richard Kozul-Wright, Paul Rayment

Distributed for Zed Books

176 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5
Paper $44.95 ISBN: 9781842776377 Published January 2008 For sale in North and South America only
Cloth $108.95 ISBN: 9781842776360 Published January 2008 For sale in North and South America only
“Stabilise, liberalise and privatise” has, since the debt crisis of the early 1980s, been the mantra chanted at developing countries by international financial institutions, donor countries and newspaper columnists with quasi-religious conviction. Policy debate has increasingly polarised into the rhetoric of extremes: trade liberalisers versus protectionists, cosmopolitan versus nationalist, the right-thinking versus the wrong-headed, and so on. In The Resistible Rise of Market Fundamentalism Richard Kozul-Wright and Paul Rayment expose the mix of selective evidence, mythical economic history, simplistic assumptions and opportunistic bias which comprise this prescription for economic development. They argue that attempts to apply a universal model of development have not only met with little or no success but are dangerously at odds with democratic principles. Insisting on a ready-made, “one size fits all” model increases the risk of policy reactions that are likely to undermine the peace, prosperity and global integration that the G7 countries and the international organisations are seeking to promote and in which the developing countries seek to share. Instead, developing countries must be given the freedom to experiment, to develop their own policies and discover what works in their own, national circumstances. On this basis, Kozul-Wright and Rayment set out a pragmatic, constructive and more hopeful approach to development than the simplicities of market fundamentalists.
Contents
Abbreviations - Preface and acknowledgements

1. The rise of market fundamentalism
Globalisation: What's in a name? - The neo-liberal revival - From neo-liberalism to market fundamentalism - The greatly exaggerated death of the nation state - Entry points

2. Back to the future? Globalisation in historical perspective
Introduction - Through the looking glass: Economic integration before World War I - Global divergence - Conclusions

3. Engines of growth? Trade and financial flows in an open world
Introduction - Trade liberalisation takes charge - The exaggerations and limits of 'win-win' arguments - Trade liberalisation, adjustment costs and the myth of convergence - The liberalisation of international finance - The siren call of quick fixes: Shocks, cycles and crises in unregulated financial markets - Conclusions

4. Transnational corporations, foreign direct investment and the uneven geography of international production
Introduction - The spread of international production - Escaping the simplicities of conventional thinking - Lessons from success stories - Some warning signals - Conclusion

5. Globalisation revisited
Introduction - Catching up, falling behind and growing apart - Change in the policy climate: Investment trends since the debt crisis - Deindustrialisation and enclave development - Conclusions

6. Towards an alternative framework for development strategies
Introduction - Myths, biases and simple assumptions - Cumulative and interdependent factors of development - Developmental states - Democracy and economic development - Conclusions

7. Resisting market fundamentalism
Introduction - Democratic gradualism and policy space - Regaining policy space: Lessons from the Marshall Plan - Strengthening the profit-investment-export nexus - Reforming the global architecture

8. The conditions for a sustainable global order

Bibliography
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