Psychiatric Cultures Compared

Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in the Twentieth Century

Edited by Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra, Harry Oosterhuis, Joost Vijselaar, and Hugh

Psychiatric Cultures Compared
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Edited by Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra, Harry Oosterhuis, Joost Vijselaar, and Hugh

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

456 pages | 6-1/4 x 9-1/2 | © 2006
Paper $54.95 ISBN: 9789053567999 Published March 2006 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
The comparative global history of mental health care in the twentieth century remains relatively uncharted territory. Psychiatric Cultures Compared offers an overview of various national psychiatric cultures, comparing, for example, advances in Dutch psychiatry with developments abroad. Wide-ranging essays cover analyses of the field of psychiatric nursing, the changing use of psychotropic medicine, the emergence of in- and outpatient mental health sectors, the rise of the anti-psychiatry movement, and a critical look at modern day deinstitutionalization.
Contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction: Comparing National Cultures of Psychiatry
     Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra and Harry Oosterhuis
 
Overviews:  Psychiatry and Mental Health Care
1.  Within and Outside the Walls of the Asylum:  Caring for the Dutch Mentally Ill, 1884-2000
     Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra
 
2.  Insanity and Other Discomforts:  A Century of Outpatient Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in the Netherlands, 1900-2000
     Harry Oosterhuis
 
3.  Madness and Autonomy:  The Moral Agenda of Anti-psychiatry in the Netherlands
     Gemma Blok
 
4.  Psychiatry and the State in Britain
     Hugh Freeman
 
5.  The Transformation of Mental Health Policy in Twentieth-Century America
     Gerald N. Grob
 
6.  Continuities or Ruptures?  Concepts, Institutions, and Contexts of Twentieth-Century German Psychiatry and Mental Health Care
     Volker Roelcke
 
7.  Care and Control in a Communist State:  The Place of Politics in East German Psychiatry
     Greg Eghigian
 
8.  Between the National Socialist 'Euthanasia Programme' and Reform: Asylum Psychiatry in West Germany, 1940-1975
     Franz-Werner Kersting
 
9.  'Misery' and 'Revolution':  The Organisation of French Psychiatry, 1900-1980
     Jean-Christophe Coffin
 
10.  Outpatient Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in the Twentieth Century:  International Perspectives
     Harry Oosterhuis
 
Psychiatric Patients
 
11.  Out and In:  The Family and the Asylum.  Pattern of Admission and Discharge in Three Dutch Psychiatric Hospitals 1890-1950
     Joost Vijselaar
 
12.  Were Asylums Men's Places?  Male Excess in the Asylum Population in Japan in the Early Twentieth Century
     Akihito Suzuki
 
13.  Madness in the Home:  Family Care and Welfare Policies in Italy before Fascism
     Patrizia Guarnieri
 
Psychiatric Nursing
 
14.  Changing Attitudes towards 'Non-Restraint' in Dutch Psychiatric Nursing, 1897-1994
     Cecile aan de Stegge
 
15.  Nurses in Swedish Psychiatric Care
     Gunnel Svedberg
 
Psychotropic Drugs
 
16.  Mental Ills and the 'Hidden History' of Drug Treatment Practices
     Toine Pieters and Stephen Snelders
 
Reflections
 
17.  From Exploration to Synthesis:  Making New Sense of Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in the Twentieth Century
      Frank Huisman
 
18.  Progress, Patients, Professionals and the Psyche.  Comments on Cultures of Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in the Twentieth Century
     Ido de Haan and James Kennedy
 
About the Contributors
Index
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