Outcomes and Interventions for Children and Families
Distributed for Policy Press at the University of Bristol
1. Conflict in context
Changing family life
Introducing inter-parental conflict
Introducing child impacts
Introducing why outcomes from inter-parental conflicts differ for children
2. Understanding different types of conflict
What type of conflict matters?
Differentiating destructive and constructive conflict
What about domestic violence?
3. The impact of inter-parental conflict on children
Emotional regulation: externalising and internalising conflicts
Family and social relationships
4. How does inter-parental conflict affect children?
Inter-parental conflict and troubled family relationships
Implications for children’s emotional security and attachment
Processes that explain the negative impact of couple conflict on parenting
Emotional, cognitive and behavioural responses to conflict: the child’s perspective
Inter-parental conflict and children’s early brain development
Sensitisation: don’t children get used to fighting parents?
5. Risk and resilience: why are some children affected more than others?
6. Review of conflict-based interventions for couples
What should conflict interventions focus on?
Are there effective conflict interventions?
Focus on parenting: parent education programmes
Parenting intervention programmes that take account of the couple relationship
Programmes that focus on at-risk groups and challenging transitions
Interventions that focus specifically on conflicts
Couples who have separated/divorced
Couples who are still together
Early intervention: relationship preparation or enhancement courses
What does the current evidence tell us?
7. Implications for practice: how to help families
When should we intervene?
Early intervention is important, but how early is early enough?
Who should interventions focus on?
What are some common components of couple interventions?
Innovative ideas for conflict intervention
8. Conclusions and recommendations
How practitioners can help families in conflict
Gatekeepers to conflict interventions and further support
Promoting an early intervention approach and raising awareness
Help parents develop skills to avoid destructive conflict and to promote constructive conflict
Inform programme developers in how to customize conflict interventions
Follow-up support for parents
Focusing on children
Encouraging help seeking
How policy makers can help
The role of further research