Promoting Walking and Cycling
New Perspectives on Sustainable Travel
Distributed for Policy Press at the University of Bristol
Lists of maps, tables and boxes
About the authors
Section I: Context
1 Setting the scene and defining the problem
Setting the scene
Promoting sustainable mobility in Britain
2 Where have we come from? The historical context
How did we travel in the past and what has changed?
The changing role of the bicycle in Britain
The historical dominance and persistence of walking
Conclusions: issues of path dependency
3 The global context: how is Britain different from other places?
Urban travel outside the UK
Places where walking is normal
Places where cycling is normal
Conclusions: Britain in a global context
Section II: The research
4 Researching walking and cycling
The UWAC approach: introduction to the data
The case study communities
The limitations: what the research cannot be used to show
5 How the built environment influences walking and cycling
Context: the built environment and sustainable travel
The connectivity of the street network and access to facilities
Spatial analysis of travel and transport: principles and problems
Evaluating associations between street network connectivity, access to everyday activities and walking and cycling
Conclusions and evaluation
6 What do people think about everyday travel in urban areas?
What do people say about how they travel?
What do people say about how they would like to travel?
How do people feel and relate to travel?
7 The place of walking in the urban environment
Why people walk
How people walk
The barriers to walking
Conclusions: building walking cultures
8 The role of cycling in the urban environment
Why people cycle
How people cycle
The barriers to cycling
Conclusions: building cycling cultures
Section III: Policy Perspectives
9 The future of walking and cycling in British urban areas
Strategies for making walking normal
Strategies for making cycling normal
Making it all happen: issues of implementation
10 Conclusions: issues of society, economy and sustainability
Connecting walking and cycling to wider society
What is working now?
What is the risk of doing nothing?
What could be done?