Nicolas Calas and the Challenge of Surrealism
Distributed for Museum Tusculanum Press
Calas was an early innovator in Greece, fusing avant-garde poetics with Trotskyism and Freudo-Marxist principles. However, growing weary of his isolation and the relatively modest support he found in his native country, he moved to Paris in the mid-1930s, where he quickly gained a seat in the surrealist circle surrounding André Breton. On the eve of World War II, he then became one of the first surrealists to settle in New York, helping pave the way for the likes of Breton, Max Ernst, and Yves Tanguy. The story of a highly enigmatic poet and intellectual who moved freely between surrealism, futurism, and satire—and who put forward challenging ideas in his essays, reviews, and translations—this book also sheds new light on many of the avant-garde’s most trenchant artistic advances.