The Madrasa in Asia

Political Activism and Transnational Linkages

Edited by Farish A. Noor, Yoginder Sikand and Martin van Bruinessen

Edited by Farish A. Noor, Yoginder Sikand and Martin van Bruinessen

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

270 pages | 6-3/10 x 9-1/2
Paper $54.95 ISBN: 9789053567104 Published January 2009 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
Since the rise of organizations like the Taliban and Al Qaeda, the traditional Islamic school known as the madrasa has frequently been portrayed as a terrorist hotbed. For much longer, the madrasa has been considered by some as a backward and petrified impediment to Islamic social progress. However, for an important segment of the poor Muslim populations of Asia, madrasas constitute the only accessible form of education and an opening to the wider world. This comprehensive volume presents a representative overview of the unknown world behind the walls of these institutions in nations such as China, Indonesia, Iran, and Pakistan, showcasing the educational changes and transnational networks that help to produce an alternative form of globalization.



Introduction: Behind the Walls: Re-Appraising the Role and Importance of Madrasas in the World Today

Farish A. Noor, Yoginder Sikand and Martin van Bruinessen


1. Voices for Reform in the Indian Madrasas

Yoginder Sikand


2. Change and Stagnation in Islamic Education: The Dar al-‘Ulum of Deoband after the Split in 1982

Dietrich Reetz


3. ‘Inside and Outside’ in a Girls’ Madrasa in New Delhi

Mareike Winkelmann


4. Between Pakistan and Qom: Shi’I Women’s Madrasas and New Transnational Networks

Mariam Abou Zahab


5. The Uncertain Fate of Southeast Asian Students in the Madrasas of Pakistan

Farish A. Noor


6. Muslim Education in China: Chinese Madrasas and Linkages to Islamic Schools Abroad

Jackie Armijo


7. From Pondok to Parliament: The Role Played by the Religious Schools of Malaysia in the Development of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)

Farish A. Noor


8. Traditionalist and Islamist Pesantrens in Contemporary Indonesia

Martin van Bruinessen


9. The Salafi Madrasas of Indonesia

Noorhaidi Hasan






Acronyms and Names of Organisations, Movements and Institutions


Maps Index

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