Harnessed to the Pole

Sledge Dogs in Service to American Explorers of the Arctic 1853-1909

Sheila Nickerson

Sheila Nickerson

Distributed for University of Alaska Press

320 pages | 60 halftones, 15 maps | 6 x 9 | © 2014
Paper $24.95 ISBN: 9781602232235 Published May 2014
In the second half of the nineteenth century, an epic race was underway in some of the most brutal stretches on the planet. Explorers from around the world hoped to stake their claim on the Arctic, with the North Pole being the ultimate prize. Those with the greatest success found that the fastest way to travel was on four legs—using a team of hardworking sledge dogs.

Harnessed to the Pole follows the adventures of eight American explorers and their dog teams, starting with Elisha Kent Kane and ending with Robert Peary, controversial claimant of the title of first to reach the North Pole. While history has long forgotten these “little camels of the north,” Sheila Nickerson reveals how critical dogs were to the Arctic conquest. Besides providing transportation in extreme conditions, sledge dogs protected against wolves and polar bears, helped in hunting, found their way through storms, and provided warmth in extreme cold. They also faced rough handling, starvation, and the possibility of being left behind as expeditions plunged ahead. Harnessed to the Pole is an extraordinary—and unflinching—look at the dogs that raced to the top of the world.
Alaska Dispatch
“Nickerson again proves herself an enchanting storyteller. She covers an era when American attention shifted from finding the Franklin Expedition to Arctic discoveries and attaining the North Pole. The accounts of hardship and survival are fascinating, and those of disaster are spellbinding. Readers unfamiliar with Arctic history will be mesmerized by the death march of De Long’s men into Siberia. Even more astonishing is the narrative of the crew members of the Polaris who were marooned the entire winter of 1872-73 on an ice floe. Miraculously, all survived. Even those familiar with these tales will be gripped anew by Nickerson’s retelling. In the end, however, this book belongs to the dogs, which Nickerson calls ‘the Sherpas of the Arctic . . . a team pulling a sledge overladen with hope and ego, each dog named and known to its driver, each a distinct personality, all hauling toward an uncertain and often fatal destination.’ Theirs is a story worth learning.”
Sue Hamilton | The Fan Hitch
"The next time I see the words: ‘Inuit Dogs have played an important role in Arctic exploration,’ Sheila Nickerson’s book, Harnessed to the Pole; Sledge Dogs in Service to American Explorers of the Arctic, 1853-1909, will haunt me. For letting it go at just those ten words is a trivialization, a glossing over of what actually happened to those hundreds upon hundreds of dogs during their use. . . . Fascinating details of polar history with a very strong focus on the dogs, Harnessed to the Pole is not for the faint of heart, but is a book that needed to be written.”
Contents

1. Jules Verne

2. Sir John Franklin

3. What Was the Greenland Dog?

4. Sledge or Sled?

5. Toodla and Whitey

6. Henry Bergh

7. Oosisoak and Arkadik

8. Disease and Diet

9. Dogs and Driver: The Essential Team

10. Seeking Companionship: When Dogs Were Not Available

11. Barbekark

12. Dogs as Showmen

13. Wolf, Smarty, Bear, Shoemaker, Tiger

14. Tommy the Cat and the Lemmings

15. Bear, Spike, and the Nameless Prisoners

16. Toekelegeto, Ublubliaq, Miqijuk

17. The Importance of Naming

18. Kasmatka, Snoozer, Bingo, Snuffy, Tom, Jack, Wolf

19. The Polar Bear

20. Gypsy, Old Sneak, Ritenbenk, Disco King

21. The Nameless

22. Heart-hungers

23. Nalegaksoah

24. Commemoration

Chapter Notes

Bibliography

Index

For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
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