Paper $55.00 ISBN: 9789087281199 Published December 2012 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Hidden Complexities of the Frankish Castle

Social Aspects of Space in the Configurational Architecture of Frankish Castles in the Holy Land, 1099-1291

Eva Mol

Hidden Complexities of the Frankish Castle
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Eva Mol

Distributed for Leiden University Press

206 pages | illustrated throughout | 8 1/4 x 10 3/4 | © 2012
Paper $55.00 ISBN: 9789087281199 Published December 2012 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
This new title in the Leiden University archaeology series presents the social aspects of the architecture of Frankish castles in the Holy Land. Focusing on spatial syntax, a theory that studies the relationship between people and built space, Hidden Complexities of the Frankish Castle brings out new insights into the role of the fortress in both the social structure and the behavior of its inhabitants.
Map of the Levant
Map of Eastern Europe
1. Introduction
1.1 Thesis
1.2 Castles
1.3 The Region
1.4 Objectives
1.5 Structure of Thesis
2. Crusades, crusaders and crusader castles
2.1 Crusading; its mechanisms, concise history and state formation
                2.1.1 Characterising the crusades
                2.1.2 “Deus lo volt!”
                2.1.3 Settlement and state formation
2.2 Crusaders, military orders, Franks, Muslims, Europeans, Easterners; social and cultural identities in the crusader East
                2.2.1 Crusaders
                2.2.2 Military orders
2.3 Castles in Frankish Landscapes
2.4 Historiography on the analysis of crusader castles
                2.4.1 Earlier efforts on crusader castles
                2.4.2 Dominant modern works: Kennedy, Pringle, Molin and
3. Space as an artefact
3.1 Epistemological framework and theoretical basis
                3.1.1 Studying space as an artefact
                3.1.2 Space and mind: seeing is perceiving?
                3.1.3 Space and behaviour: homo aedificans
3.2 Methodology: theory
                3.2.1 Space syntax: workings
                3.2.2 Space syntax: an ethnological case study
                3.2.3 Space syntax: advantages, problems and how to solve them
                3.2.4 Space syntax and houses
3.3 Methodology: practice
                3.3.1 Crusader castles
                3.3.2 Data collection and analyses
                3.3.3 Methods of analysis
4. Castles compared part I: castles of the military orders
4.1 Belvoir
                4.1.1 History
                4.1.2 The fortress
                4.1.3 Data
                4.1.4 Analysis
4.2 Crac des Chevaliers
                4.2.1 History
                4.2.2 The fortress
                4.2.3 Data
                4.2.4 Analysis
4.3 Chateau Pèlerin/‘Atlit Castle
                4.3.1 History
                4.3.2 The fortress
                4.3.3 Data
                4.3.4 Analysis
4.4 Bagras
                4.4.1 History
                4.4.2 The fortress
                4.4.3 Data
                4.4.4 Analysis
4.5 Comparison and interpretation: genotypical description of the military order castles
                4.5.1 Spatial implications
                4.5.2 The negotiation of space: castles in context
5. Castles compared part II: castles of the monarchy and aristocracy
5.1 Kerak
                5.1.1 History
                5.1.2 The fortress
                5.1.3 Data
                5.1.4 Analysis
5.2 Beaufort
                5.2.1 History
                5.2.2 The fortress
                5.2.3 Data
                5.2.4 Analysis
5.3 Tripoli and Saone: reversed buildings
                5.3.1 History
                5.3.2 The fortress
                5.3.3 Data
                5.3.4 Analysis
5.4 Comparison and interpretation: genotypical description of aristocratic castles
                5.4.1 Spatial implications
                5.4.2 Remote spaces: chapels and military structures
                5.4.3 Women
                5.4.4 Donjon
                5.4.5 The negotiation of space: castles in context
6. Castles compared part III: complementary buildings from Western Europe, the Baltic and the Near East
6.1 Western European mainland
                6.1.1 France (Coucy, Loches)
                6.1.2 England and Wales (Warkworth)
6.2 The Near East
                6.2.1 Monasteries (Mt Tabor, Belmont, St Theodosius, Martyrius)
                6.2.2 Looking back at the future: the 15th-century castle of St. Peter in
6.3 The Baltic region
                6.3.1 The ‘convent-castles’ of Eastern Europe
                6.3.2 Marienburg
6.4 Interpretation
7. Synthesis
7.1 Genotypical comparison
                7.1.1 Access analysis
                7.1.2 DepthMap analyses
7.2 Social complexities of crusader castles
                7.2.1 Strongholds of religion; the castles of the military orders
                7.2.2 Chivalric architecture; the castles of the aristocracy
7.3 Religious space
7.4 Military aspects of space
8. Conclusion: the hidden complexities of the Frankish castle
8.1 Negotiation of space: social aspects
8.2 Negotiation of space: functions and use
8.3 Frankish castles in the Levant
8.4 Embodied knowledge in space
8.5 Recommendations for further study
Appendix A: space syntax practice
Appendix B: access analyses for Belmont, Margat, Beth Guvrin, Montfort
Appendix C: access analyses for Giblet and Sidon
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