How Democracy Works
Political Representation and Policy Congruence in Modern Societies
Distributed for Amsterdam University Press
In this book, a group of leading scholars analyzes the functioning of modern democracies by focusing on two basic principles: political representation and policy congruence. Drawing on recent survey data from a variety of national and international research projects, they demonstrate how political representation works and mostly leads to a fair degree of policy congruence between citizens and their representatives. They also present new insights on the sources of satisfaction with democracy and the impact of the economy on elections and political trust.
This book is published on the occasion of the retirement of Jacques Thomassen as distinguished professor of political science at the University of Twente. The contributors include Russell Dalton, Hans‐Dieter Klingemann, Pippa Norris, Ola Listhaug, Hanne Marthe Narud, Jan van Deth, Peter Mair, Cees van der Eijk, Hermann Schmitt, Sören Holmberg and Rudy Andeweg.
Martin Rosema, Bas Denters and Kees Aarts are affiliated with the Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD) and the Institute for Innovation and Governance Studies (IGS) at the University of Twente.
1 How Democracy Works: An Introduction
Martin Rosema, Kees Aarts and Bas Denters
2 The Dynamics of Political Representation
Russell J. Dalton, David M. Farrell and Ian McAllister
3 Approaching Perfect Policy Congruence: Measurement, Development, and Relevance for Political Representation
Rudy B. Andeweg
4 Dynamic Representation from Above
5 Is Governing Becoming more Contentious?
6 Democratic Congruence Re-Established: The Perspective of ‘Substantive’ Democracy
Christian Welzel and Hans-Dieter Klingemann
7 Does Democratic Satisfaction Reflect Regime Performance?
8 Citizens’ Views about Good Local Governance
Bas Denters, Oscar Gabriel and Lawrence E. Rose
9 Patterns of Party Evaluations
Kees Aarts and Bernt Aardal
10 The Electoral Consequences of Low Turnout in European Parliament Elections
Cees van der Eijk, Hermann Schmitt and Eliyahu V. Sapir
11 Assessing the Quality of European Democracy: Are Voters Voting Correctly?
Martin Rosema and Catherine E. de Vries
12 The Impact of the Economic Crisis in Europe: ‘‘I’m doing fine’’
Jan W. van Deth
13 The Changing Macro Context of Norwegian Voters: From Center-Periphery Cleavages to Oil Wealth
Ola Listhaug and Hanne Marthe Narud
List of Contributors
Appendix: Publications by Jacques Thomassen