Fascism, Liberalism and Europeanism in the Political Thought of Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce

Daniel Knegt

Fascism, Liberalism and Europeanism in the Political Thought of Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce

Daniel Knegt

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

312 pages | 12 halftones | 6 x 9 | © 2017
Cloth $130.00 ISBN: 9789462983335 Published January 2018 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
Despite the recent rise in studies that approach fascism as a transnational phenomenon, the links between fascism and internationalist intellectual currents have only received scant attention. This book explores the political thought of Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce, two French intellectuals, journalists and political writers who, from 1930 to the mid-1950s, moved between liberalism, fascism and Europeanism. Daniel Knegt argues that their longing for a united Europe was the driving force behind this ideological transformation—and that we can see in their thought the earliest stages of what would become neoliberalism.
 
Contents
Preface
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: Fascism in France and Beyond
Intellectual Fascism?
Between Immunity and Pan-Fascism
New Perspectives
Europeanism, Fascism and Neoliberalism
1 ‘En Faisant l’Europe’: Internationalism and the Fascist Drift
‘La Nouvelle Génération Européenne’: Generational Politics in 1920s France
Reconciliation with Germany at All Costs?
Metaphysical Europeanism
2 Planning, Fascism and the State: 1930-1939
From Liberalism to ‘l’Économie Dirigée’
A National and Social Revolution
Party Intellectuals at the Service of Fascism
3 Facing a Fascist Europe: 1939-1943
Defeat and Readjustment
Tracing the Origins of Defeat
‘On the Threshold of a New World’
New Rulers, Old Acquaintances
Collaboration and Attentisme
4 A European Revolution?: Liberation and the Post-War Extreme Right
Liberation and Persecution
Exile and Exclusion
‘Beyond Nazism’: Monarchism and the Heritage of Fascism
Reinventing the Extreme Right
Europeanism, Federalism and the Reconfiguration of the Extreme Right
5 Europeanism, Neoliberalism and the Cold War
On Private Life and Facial Hair
On Power: Pessimism, Aristocracy and the Distruct of Democracy
A Mountain in Switzerland: Neoliberalism and the Mont Pèlerin Society
‘This General feeling of Open Conspiracy’
Conclusion: From the Sohlberg to Mont Pèlerin
Bibliography
Index
List of Figures
 
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