Fractured Cities

Social Exclusion, Urban Violence and Contested Spaces in Latin America

Edited by Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt

Fractured Cities

Edited by Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt

Distributed for Zed Books

176 pages | 6.125 x 9.1875
Paper $42.95 ISBN: 9781842777312 Published November 2006 For sale in North and South America only
Contents
Acknowledgements
About the Authors

Introduction: The Duality of Latin American Cityscapes
Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt

Chapter 1:
Fractured Cities, Second-Class Citizenship, and Urban Violence
Kees Koonings and Dirk Kruijt
Urban poverty, desborde popular and the erosion of the formal social order
From desborde popular to desborde de la violencia : conceptualising exclusion, insecurity and violence
Armed actors and violence brokers
The politics of urban violence
Parallel power and perverse integration

Chapter 2:
Rio de Janeiro
Elizabeth Leeds
Introduction
Favela-Related Violence
Impact on Education
Motives for involvement in drug-trading
Police and Community - Negative Dialogues
Political-Administrative Constraints
Police Oversight and the Lack of Political Will - Costs and Consequences
Conclusions

Chapter 3:
Mexico City
Wil Pansters and Hector Castillo Berthier
Violence as fact and phantom
Metropolitan structure and security governance
Patterns and actors of insecurity and violence
Governmental and societal responses and strategies
Conclusions

Chapter 4:
Medell¡n
Ralph Rozema
History of urban violence in Medell¡n
Daily life under guerrillas and paramilitaries
A promising peace process with paramilitaries
Concluding remarks


Chapter 5:
Managua
Dennis Rodgers
Introduction
Barrio Luis Fanor Hern ndez: Past and Present
Drugs, material wealth, and conspicuous consumption
Consumption, cultural exclusion, and predation
Violence and primitive accumulation
Conclusion

Chapter 6:
Caracas
Roberto Brice¤o-Le¢n
Divided Caracas
The advent of violence in Caracas
Forms of violence
Fear as an urban sentiment
The loss of the city
Democracy and violence in the city

Chapter 7:
Lima Metropolitana
Carlos Iv n Degregori and Dirk Kruijt
City of informales
New social actors and new forms of popular organisation
Low-Intensity Violence
Conclusion

Chapter 8:
Living in Fear: How the Urban Poor Perceive Violence, Fear and Insecurity
Cathy McIlwaine and Caroline O.N. Moser
The Diversity and Complexity of Violence among the Urban Poor
Urban Poor Constructions of Fear: Social Fragmentation and Spatial Restrictions
The Legitimization of Violence among the Urban Poor I: The Emergence of Perverse Social Organizations
The Legitimization of Violence among the Urban Poor II: Inadequate State Security and Judicial Protection
Non-violent Coping: a Gendered Response
Conclusions

Epilogue: Latin America's Urban Duality Revisited
Dirk Kruijt and Kees Koonings

Bibliography

Index
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