Cloth $100.00 ISBN: 9780859898645 Published April 2012 For sale in North and South America only
Paper $55.00 ISBN: 9780859898652 Published April 2012 For sale in North and South America only

Dartmoor's Alluring Uplands

Transhumance and Pastoral Management in the Middle Ages

Harold Fox

Harold Fox

Distributed for University of Exeter Press

291 pages | 20 color plates, 5 halftones, 7 tables, 45 drawings | 7 x 9 3/4 | © 2012
Cloth $100.00 ISBN: 9780859898645 Published April 2012 For sale in North and South America only
Paper $55.00 ISBN: 9780859898652 Published April 2012 For sale in North and South America only

A striking and famous feature of the English landscape, Dartmoor (in the southwest of the country) is a beautiful place, with a sense of wildness and mystery. But in the Middle Ages intensive practical use was made of its resources: its extensive moorlands provided summer pasture for thousands of cattle from the Devon lowlands, which flowed in a seasonal tide, up in the spring and down in the autumn.  

This book describes, for the first time, the social organization and farming practices associated with that annual transfer of livestock. It presents evidence for a previously unsuspected Anglo-Saxon period of transhumance, by which the cattle's lowland owners moved with their animals and lived temporarily on the moor every summer.
Landscape History
"His affection for its community meant he wrote more for pragmatic Devonshire people and practical historians than for outsiders with romanticised views of Dartmoor.
            He wished to encourage and support local farmers by preparing an authoritative account of their history, regarding them as the wisest of Dartmoor’s ecologists, defending customs and grazings developed over many generations. The Moor, marginal to many, is in Fox’s hands in Devon’s enormous pool of available common pasture. . . . Harold Fox, in his final work, encourages all with an interest in our historic landscape to acknowledge the possibility that their own local patterns, colours and character were shaped by accommodation and servicing of seasonal movements of people and livestock…"  
Contents
List of Colour Plates
List of Figures
List of Tables
Editors' Acknowledgements
Abbreviations

Introduction by Christopher Dyer and Matthew Tompkins
1. Definitions and limitations
    Defining Dartmoor's resources
    Dartmoor and its parts
    Transhumance and its types
    Limitations of this book
2. The red tides: impersonal transhumance and the central moor
    The central moor: ownership and commoners
    Distances travelled and middlemen
    Pastoral management: the herdsman's year
    Livestock: numbers and types
3. The red tides: impersonal transhumance and the outer moors
    Ownership and commoners
    Pastoral management: drifts, structures, strays
    Perambulation and dispute resolution
    Order and disorder: outer moors and the central moor
4. Personal transhumance: distant detachments
    Cockington and Dewdon
    Ipplepen, Abbotskerswell and their links
    Detached parts of the hundreds of Exminster, Wonford and Kerswell
    Kenton with Heatree
    Paignton and its parts
    Lifton and Sourton
    Northlew, Venn and Lettaford
    Tavistock and Cudlipp
    Bickleigh and Sheepstor
    The significance of the detachments
5. Personal transhumance: archaeology, topography, place-names and history
    Archaeology and topography
    Place-names and history: economy and society
6. Domesday Book and beyond: the transition from personal to impersonal transhumance
    The role of colonists
    The role of lords
    The role of the Crown
7. Dartmoor and beyond
    Droveways
    Pastoral husbandry
    The implications of transhumance for lowland farming
    Conclusion by Christopher Dyer and Matthew Tompkins

Notes
Bibliography
Index
For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
Google preview here

Chicago Manual of Style |

RSS Feed

RSS feed of the latest books from University of Exeter Press. RSS Feed