Child Well-Being, Child Poverty and Child Policy in Modern Nations

What Do We Know? Revised Second Edition

Edited by Koen Vleminckx and Timothy M. Smeeding

Edited by Koen Vleminckx and Timothy M. Smeeding

Distributed for Policy Press at the University of Bristol

592 pages | © 2001
Paper $35.00 ISBN: 9781861342539 Published February 2001 For sale in North and South America only
Child poverty and the well-being of children is an important policy issue throughout the industrialised world. Some 47 million children in 'rich' countries live in families so poor that their health and well-being are at risk. The main themes addressed are:·[vbTab]the extent and trend of child poverty in industrialised nations;· outcomes for children - for example, the relationship between childhood experiences and children's health;· country studies and emerging issues;· child and family policies.All the contributions underline the urgent need for a comprehensive policy to reduce child poverty rates and to improve the well-being of children. Findings are clearly presented and key focus points identified for policy makers to consider.
Contents
Foreword
Acknowledgements
List of contributors

Introduction: Ending child poverty in industrialised nations
Koen Vleminckx and Timothy M. Smeeding
Part 1: The extent and trend of child poverty in industrialised nations
1. Child poverty across the industrialised world: evidence from the Luxembourg Income Study
Bruce Bradbury and Markus Jäntti
2. Poverty across states, nations, and continents
Lee Rainwater, Timothy M. Smeeding and John Coder
Part 2: Outcomes for children
3. Values, policies and the well-being of young children in Canada, Norway and the United States
Shelley Phipps
4. Child well-being in the EU—and enlargement to the East
John Micklewright and Kitty Stewart
5. Childhood experiences, educational attainment and adult labour market performance
Paul Gregg and Stephen Machin
6. The impact of poverty on children's school attendance—evidence from West Germany
Felix Büchel, Joachim R. Frick, Peter Krause and Gert G. Wagner
7. Inequalities in the use of time by teenagers and young adults
Anne H. Gauthier and Frank F. Furstenberg Jr
8. Gender inequality in poverty in affluent nations: the role of single motherhood and the state
Karen Christopher, Paula England, Sara McLanahan, Katherin Ross and Timothy M. Smeeding
Part 3: Country studies and emerging issues
9. The impact of economic change on child welfare in Central Asia
Jane Falkingham
10. The evolution of child poverty in Ireland
Brian Nolan
11. Living conditions of immigrant children in Germany
Joachim R. Frick and Gert G. Wagner
12. Who has borne the cost of Britain's children in the 1990s?
Hugh Davies and Heather Joshi
13. The public and private costs of children in Australia, 1993–94
Richard Percival and Ann Harding
14. Socioeconomic circumstances among school-aged children in Europe and North America
Candace Currie
Part 4: Child and family policies
15. Income inequalities and poverty among children and households with children in selected OECD countries
Howard Oxley, Thai-Thanh Dang, Michael F. Förster and Michele Pellizzari
16. Reducing child poverty in the European Union: the role of child benefits
Herwig Immervoll, Holly Sutherland and Klaas de Vos
17. Public policies that support families with young children: variation across US states
Marcia K. Meyers, Janet C. Gornick, Laura R. Peck and Amanda J. Lockshin
18. Income transfers and support for mothers' employment: the link to family poverty risks
Cristina Solera
19. Child support among selected OECD countries: a comparative analysis
James Kunz, Patrick Villeneuve and Irwin Garfinkel
20. Child and family policies in an era of social policy retrenchment and restructuring
Sheila B. Kamerman and Alfred J. Kahn
General Conclusions: What have we learned and where do we go from here?
Koen Vleminckx and Timothy M. Smeeding

Index
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