Breadline Europe

The Measurement of Poverty

Edited by David Gordon and Peter Townsend

Breadline Europe
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Edited by David Gordon and Peter Townsend

Distributed for Policy Press at the University of Bristol

480 pages | 6 x 9 1/4 | © 2000
Paper $35.00 ISBN: 9781861342928 Published December 2000 For sale in North and South America only
Since 1990, the World Bank, most of the other international agencies and an increasing number of governments have committed themselves to the eradication of poverty. But the basis of their work badly needs overhaul and concerted verification. Breadline Europe provides a scientific and international basis for the analysis and reduction of poverty. It demonstrates that there is far more important research into the problem of poverty going on in many countries of Europe than the international agencies and national governments admit or even realise. Knowledge of the major scientific advances in research needs to be spread among other countries within as well as outside Europe.Breadline Europe has been written by a number of leading European poverty researchers and has three main themes: the need for a scientific poverty line: for better definition and measurement of what is the biggest and rapidly growing international social problem; the need for better theories distinguishing between poverty and social exclusion, with the corresponding policies calculated to diminish these problems;the need for better international social policy and for better policy-related analyses of poverty: for more exact analysis of the year-by-year contribution of specific policies to poverty.This is the first book to examine poverty in Europe within the international framework agreed at the 1995 World Summit on Social Development. Breadline Europe provides up-to-date, essential reading for social science undergraduates and postgraduate students. It will also be of considerable interest to policy makers and NGOs with a concern for poverty reduction.
Notes on contributors

1. Introduction: the measurement of poverty in Europe
      Peter Townsend and David Gordon
Part I: Resolving poverty: the need for a scientific consensus on concept and measurement
2. The international build up: poverty and the spirit of the time
      Jacques Baudot
3. Reducing poverty: the implications of the 1995 Copenhagen Agreement for research on poverty
      John Langmore
4. Measuring absolute and overall poverty
      David Gordon
5. Absolute and overall poverty: a European history and proposal for measurement
      David Gordon, Christina Pantazis, and Peter Townsend
6. Women and poverty: a new research methodology
      Elisabetta Ruspini
7. Horses for discourses: poverty, purpose and closure in minimum income standards policy
      John Veit-Wilson
8. Poverty, inequality and health
      Björn Halleröd
Part II: European analysis of poverty and social exclusion
9. Poverty in Finland and Europe
      Markku Lindqvist
10. Poverty and affluence in Ireland: a comparison of income and deprivation approaches to the measurement of poverty
      Richard Layte, Brian Nolan and Christopher Whelan
11. Child poverty in comparative perspective
      Jonathan Bradshaw
12. Poverty and the poor in Central and Eastern Europe
      Ludmila Dziewiecka-Bokun
13. Poverty in Hungary and in Central and Eastern Europe
      Zsuzsa Ferge
14. Measurement and definitions of poverty in Russia
      Simon Clarke
15. What is social exclusion?
      Ruth Levitas
16. Social exclusion: concepts and evidence
      Tania Burchardt
17. Trajectories of social exclusion: the wider context for the third and first worlds
      Graham Room
18. Conclusion
      Peter Townsend and David Gordon

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