Cloth $45.00 ISBN: 9780226660394 Published April 2001
E-book $7.00 to $36.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226660417 Published April 2001

Women's Work?

American Schoolteachers, 1650-1920

Joel Perlmann and Robert A. Margo

Women's Work?
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Joel Perlmann and Robert A. Margo

192 pages | 49 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2001
Cloth $45.00 ISBN: 9780226660394 Published April 2001
E-book $7.00 to $36.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226660417 Published April 2001
American schoolteaching is one of few occupations to have undergone a thorough gender shift yet previous explanations have neglected a key feature of the transition: its regional character. By the early 1800s, far higher proportions of women were teaching in the Northeast than in the South, and this regional difference was reproduced as settlers moved West before the Civil War. What explains the creation of these divergent regional arrangements in the East, their recreation in the West, and their eventual disappearance by the next century?

In Women's Work the authors blend newly available quantitative evidence with historical narrative to show that distinctive regional school structures and related cultural patterns account for the initial regional difference, while a growing recognition that women could handle the work after they temporarily replaced men during the Civil War helps explain this widespread shift to female teachers later in the century. Yet despite this shift, a significant gender gap in pay and positions remained. This book offers an original and thought-provoking account of a remarkable historical transition.
Contents
Preface
Introduction
1. New England: The First Two Centuries
2. South versus North
3. Migrations
4. Explaining Feminization
5. Labor Market Outcomes in Urban Schools: The Role of Gender
Conclusion
Appendixes
Index
For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
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