University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Volume 4

Medieval Europe

Edited by Julius Kirshner and Karl F. Morrison

University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Volume 4
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The table of contents for all nine volumes in the RWC series.

Edited by Julius Kirshner and Karl F. Morrison

John W. Boyer and Julius Kirshner, General Editors
486 pages | 6 x 9 | © 1986
Cloth $65.00 ISBN: 9780226069425 Published January 1986
Paper $25.00 ISBN: 9780226069432 Published March 1986
The University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization (nine volumes) makes available to students and teachers a unique selection of primary documents, many in new translations. These readings, prepared for the highly praised Western civilization sequence at the University of Chicago, were chosen by an outstanding group of scholars whose experience teaching that course spans almost four decades. Each volume includes rarely anthologized selections as well as standard, more familiar texts; a bibliography of recommended parallel readings; and introductions providing background for the selections. Beginning with Periclean Athens and concluding with twentieth-century Europe, these source materials enable teachers and students to explore a variety of critical approaches to important events and themes in Western history.

Individual volumes provide essential background reading for courses covering specific eras and periods. The complete nine-volume series is ideal for general courses in history and Western civilization sequences.
Contents
Series Editor Foreword
General Introduction and Selected Bibliography


Foundations and Developments

Religion and Empire
1. Gregory I's Account of Benedict's Life (ca. 600)
2. Bede, Lives of the Abbots (ca, 650-690)
3. Adamnan, Arculf's Narrative about the Holy Places (ca. 700)
4. Einhard, The Life of Charlemagne (ca. 750-814)
5. Articles from the Capitulare de Villis (807)
6. Regino of Prüm, On the Breakdown of the Carolingian Empire (ca. 900)
Rural Society
7. Lords, Vassals, and Tenants in the Norman Summa de legibus (before 1258)
8. Personal Status in England at the Time of Edward the Confessor (ca. 1050)
9. Customal of the Monks of Saint Aubin, Angers (1080-82)
10. Customal of the Village of Chapelaude (ca. 1150)
11. Exchange of Female Serfs (1144)
12. A Master Renounces His Rights (1228)
13. The Manor of Alwalton (1279)
Towns
14. Grant of a Market to the Archbishop of Hamburg (965)
15. Customs of Saint-Omer (ca. 1100)
16. Customs of Lorris (1155)
17. Regulations of the Shearers Guild of Arras (1236)
18. Statutes of Volterra (1244)
19. John of Viterbo, On the Government of Cities (1240s)


The Investiture Conflict

20. The Life of the Emperor Henry IV (1056-1106)
21. Papal Election Decree (1059)
22. Letter of Gregory VII Proposing a Crusade to Henry IV (1074)
23. Dictatus Papae (1075)
24. Letter of Gregory VII to Henry IV (1075)
25. Henry IV's Position (1076)
26. Renunciation of Gregory VII by the German Bishops (Synod of Worms, 1076)
27. Letter of Gregory to Bishop Herman of Metz (1081)
28. Urban II, Speech at the Council of Clermont (27 November 1095)
29. Letters of Ivo of Chartres and Ioscerannus of Rome on Lay Investiture (1111-12)
30. Concordat of Worms (1122)


Twelfth-Century Renaissance

31. Anselm, Prayers and Meditations (ca. 1100)
32. John of Salisbury, Policraticus (1150s)
33. Rogerius, Questions on the Institutes (ca. 1160)
34. Letter of Heloise to Abelard (1130s)
35. Bernard of Clairvaux, On Women, Marriage, and Celibacy (1130s to 1140s)
36. Bernard of Clairvaux, Letters (1130s-1140s)
37. Bernard of Clairvaux, Advice to Pope Eugenius III (1145-53), De consideratione
38. Gottfried of Strassburg, Tristan (ca. 1210)


Authority, Conflict, and Repression

The Mendicant Orders and the Attack against Heresy
39. Bonacursus, Description of Cathars (1176-1190)
40. Peter Waldo, Accounts of His Conversion and Translation of Scripture (1173-1184)
41. Jordan of Saxony, On the Beginnings of the Order of Preachers (ca. 1200-1228)
42. Raymond of Peñafort, Constitutions of the Dominican Order (ca. 1238-40)
43. Francis of Assisi, Rule (1223) and Testament (1226)
44. Thomas of Celano, Life of Saint Francis (1182-1228)
45. Bernard Gui, Manual of the Inquisitor (1323-1324)
Commerce Confronts the Usury Prohibition
46. Contracts: Loan, Partnership, Letter of Exchange, and Deposit (ca. 1100-1200)
47. Restitution of Usury (1220-1221)
48. Decretal of Gregory IX, Naviganti (1234)
49. Decree 29, On Usury, Council of Vienne (1311-12)
50. Peter John Olivi, On Usury and Credit (ca. 1290)
51. Thomas Aquinas, On Usury (ca. 1270)
Control of Learning
52. Gregory IX, Papal Regulations for the University of Paris (1231)
53. Conflict between Town and Gown at Paris (1269)
54. Thomas Aquinas, On Christian Theology (ca. 1270)
55. Orthodoxy Enforced at Paris (1272)
56. Teaching Obligations in the Faculty of the Arts, Paris (ca. 1280)
57. Raymond Lull, On the Study of Oriental Languages (1298-99)
Papal Monarchy and Its Critics
58. Letter of Innocent III to the Crusaders (1203)
59. Letter of Innocent III to the People of Metz (1199)
60. Innocent III Annulling Magna Carta (1215)
61. Eyewitness Account of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215)
62. Walther von der Vogelweide Criticizes the Papacy (1213-14)


The Babylonian Captivity and the Great Schism Storm over the Papacy

63. Boniface VIII, Clericis Laicos (1296) and Unam Sanctum (1302)
64. The General Assembly of Paris, June (1303)
65. Ludwig the Bavarian's Appeal to a General Council (1324)
66. Marsiglio of Padua, The Defender of Peace (1324)
The Great Schism
67. Letters of Catherine of Siena to Popes Gregory XI (ca. 1375) and Urban VI (ca. 1378)
68. Manifesto of the Cardinals against Urban VI (1378)
69. Nicholas of Clémanges, On the Ruin and the Repair of the Church (ca.1400)
Black Death and Social Dislocations
70. Matteo Villani, Descriptions of Plague in Florence (1348)
71. Jean de Venette, Descriptions of Famine, War and Plague in France (1315-1349)
72. Depopulation and Its Effects in Burgundy and Bordeaux (1360s)
73. The Peasants' Revolt, England (1381)

Index of Names
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