Sexual Nature/Sexual Culture
Using as its center the idea that sexual pleasure is the primary motivational force behind human sexuality and that reproduction is simply a byproduct of the pleasurability of sex, this book examines sexuality at the individual, societal, and cultural levels. Beginning with a look at the evolution of sexuality in humans and other primates, the essays in the first section examine the sexual ingenuity of primates, the dominant theories of sexual behavior, the differences in male and female sexual interest and behavior, and the role of physical attractiveness in mate selection. The focus then shifts to biological approaches to sexuality, especially the genetic and hormonal origins of sexual orientation, gender, and pleasure.
The essays go on to look at the role of pleasure in different cultures. Included are essays on love among the tribespeople of the Brazilian rain forest and the regulation of adolescent sexuality in India. Finally, several contributors look at the methodological issues in the study of human sexuality, paying particular attention to the problems with research that relies on people's memories of their sexual experiences.
The contributors are Angela Pattatucci, Dean Hamer, David Greenberg, Frans de Waal, Mary McDonald Pavelka, Kim Wallen, Donald Symons, Heino Meyer-Bahlburg, Jean D. Wilson, Donald Tuzin, Lawrence Cohen, Thomas Gregor, Lenore Manderson, Robert C. Bailey, Alice Schlegel, Edward H. Kaplan, Richard Berk, Paul R. Abramson, Paul Okami, and Stephen D. Pinkerton.
Spanning the chasm of the nature versus nurture debate, Sexual Nature/Sexual Culture is a look at human sexuality as a complex interaction of genetic potentials and cultural influences. This book will be of interest to a wide range of readers—from scholars and students in psychology, anthropology, sociology, and history to clinicians, researchers, and others seeking to understand the many dimensions of sexuality.
"If we ever expect to solve the sexually based problems that modern societies face, we must encourage investigations of human sexual behavior. Moreover, those investigations should employ a broad range of disciplines—looking at sex from all angles, which is precisely what Sexual Nature, Sexual Culture does."—Mike May, American Scientist
"...This timely and relevant book reminds us that we cannot rely on simple solutions to complex problems. It represents a transdiciplinary approach integrating knowledge from diverse fields and provides the reader with a challenging and rewarding experience. Especially for those who are involved in teaching human sexuality to medical students and other health care professionals, this book is highly recommended."—Gerald Wiviortt, M.D., Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
"In short, this volume contains much to stimulate, inform, and amuse, in varying proportions. What more can one ask?"—Pierre L. van den Berghe, Journal of the History of Sexuality
"...the book succeeds in bring together some of the sharpest thinkers in the field of human sexuality, and goes a long way toward clarifying the diverse perspectives that currently exist."—David M. Buss and Todd K. Shackelford, Quarterly Review of Biology
1: Introduction: Nature, Nurture, and In-Between
Paul R. Abramson, Steven D. Pinkerton.
2: Sexual Nature: What Can We Learn from a Cross-Species Perspective?
Mary S. McDonald Pavelka
3: Sex as an Alternative to Aggression in the Bonobo
Frans B. M. de Waal
4: The Evolution of Female Sexual Desire
5: Beauty Is in the Adaptations of the Beholder: The Evolutionary
Psychology of Human Female Sexual Attractiveness
6: Sex Hormones and Sexual Behavior
Jean D. Wilson
7: Psychoneuroendocrinology and Sexual Pleasure: The Aspect of Sexual
Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg
8: The Genetics of Sexual Orientation: From Fruit Flies to Humans
Angela M. L. Pattatucci, Dean H. Hamer.
9: The Cultural Management of Adolescent Sexuality
10: Sexuality, Infertility, and Sexually Transmitted Disease among Farmers
and Foragers in Central Africa
Robert C. Bailey, Robert V. Aunger.
11: The Pleasures of Homosexuality
David F. Greenberg
12: Discourse, Intercourse, and the Excluded Middle: Anthropology and the
Problem of Sexual Experience
13: The Pleasures of Castration: The Postoperative Status of Hijras,
Jankhas, and Academics
14: The Pursuit of Pleasure and the Sale of Sex
15: Sexuality and the Experience of Love
16: Model-Based Representations of Human Sexual Behavior
Edward H. Kaplan
17: Sexual Activities as Told in Surveys
Richard Berk, Paul R. Abramson, Paul Okami.
Appendix: Theorizing Sexuality
Paul Okami, Laura Pendleton.