Cloth $125.00 ISBN: 9780226117911 Will Publish May 2014
Paper $45.00 ISBN: 9780226118079 Will Publish May 2014
E-book $7.00 to $36.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226118109 Published May 2014

Second Growth

The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

Robin L. Chazdon

Robin L. Chazdon

472 pages | 31 color plates, 26 halftones, 31 line drawings, 22 tables | 6 x 9 | © 2014
Cloth $125.00 ISBN: 9780226117911 Will Publish May 2014
Paper $45.00 ISBN: 9780226118079 Will Publish May 2014
E-book $7.00 to $36.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226118109 Published May 2014
For decades, conservation and research initiatives in tropical forests have focused almost exclusively on old-growth forests because scientists believed that these “pristine” ecosystems housed superior levels of biodiversity. With Second Growth, Robin L. Chazdon reveals those assumptions to be largely false, bringing to the fore the previously overlooked counterpart to old-growth forest: second growth.

Even as human activities result in extensive fragmentation and deforestation, tropical forests demonstrate a great capacity for natural and human-aided regeneration. Although these damaged landscapes can take centuries to regain the characteristics of old growth, Chazdon shows here that regenerating—or second-growth—forests are vital, dynamic reservoirs of biodiversity and environmental services. What is more, they always have been.

With chapters on the roles these forests play in carbon and nutrient cycling, sustaining biodiversity, providing timber and non-timber products, and integrated agriculture, Second Growth not only offers a thorough and wide-ranging overview of successional and restoration pathways, but also underscores the need to conserve, and further study, regenerating tropical forests in an attempt to inspire a new age of local and global stewardship.
Karen D. Holl | University of California, Santa Cruz
“Impressive and very timely given the growing recognition of the importance of secondary forests in conserving biodiversity. Second Growth provides a very thorough review of the human impacts on tropical forests over several centuries and more recently, and on the ecology of forest regeneration after a range of disturbances. It is a well-researched and valuable contribution to the literature on tropical secondary forests.”
S. Joseph Wright | Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
“A tremendous survey. Chazdon draws on paleobotany, ecology, natural history, and policy and forest management to make the case for the potential of forest regeneration. Second Growth is astounding in its breadth and depth.”
David Lamb | University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia
“What a wonderful book! Secondary forests have been ignored for too long, and Second Growth brings together a wealth of material from across the Latin American, African, and Asian tropics to provide a synthesis of what we know about how they can develop and what influences their succession. Sadly, even optimists must accept that primary or old-growth forests will continue to shrink. This means secondary forests are likely to replace them in the future as the main repositories of biodiversity and sources of many ecosystem services. This book is destined to become a key text for those protecting and managing these new forests.”
Thomas E. Lovejoy, George Mason University | Senior Fellow, the United Nations Foundation
“At last, an authoritative and very readable account of the most neglected aspect of tropical forest ecology: the vast areas of second growth that if restored and managed properly will yield enormous human and conservation benefit. Chazdon’s book fills a yawning gap in tropical ecology and land management. A great and important work, Second Growth will be an enduring scholarly masterpiece.”
Contents

List of Illustrations

Preface

Acknowledgments

 

Chapter 1

Perceptions of Tropical Forests and Natural Regeneration

1.1    Viewing Forests as a Cycle

1.2    The Resilience of Tropical Forests

1.3    Forest Regeneration, Succession, and Forest Degradation

1.4    The Geographic Extent of Deforestation and Forest Regeneration across the Tropics

1.5    The Tropical Forests of the Future

 

Chapter 2

Ancient Human Legacies in Tropical Forest Landscapes

2.1    Overview

2.2    The Peopling of the Tropics

2.3    Impacts of Early Hunter-Gatherer Societies

2.4    The Development of Agriculture

2.5    Holocene Climate Variability, Forest Change, and Agricultural Expansion

2.6    Conclusion

 

Chapter 3

Landscape Transformation and Tropical Forest Regeneration through Prehistory

3.1    Overview

3.2    Earthworks and Landscape Transformations

3.3    Prehistoric Fires: Synergies between Natural and Human Causes

3.4    Ancient Soil Modifications

3.5    The Scale of Prehistoric Human Impacts in the Neotropics

3.6    Paleoecological Reconstruction of Tropical Forest Regeneration

3.7    Conclusion

 

Chapter 4

Tropical Forest Dynamics and Disturbance Regimes

4.1    Overview

4.2    Disturbance Regimes in Tropical Forest Regions

4.3    Gap Dynamics and the Forest Growth Cycle

4.4    Detection of Tropical Forest Disturbance

4.5    Are Old-Growth Tropical Forests Stable?

4.6    Conclusion

 

Chapter 5

Successional Pathways and Forest Transformations

5.1    Overview

5.2    Variability in Successional Pathways

5.3    Successional Stages and Species Classification

5.4    Forest Definitions and Concepts

5.5    Approaches to Studying Tropical Forest Succession

5.6    Conclusion

 

Chapter 6

Tropical Forest Succession on Newly Created Substrates

6.1    Overview

6.2    Biological Legacies and Local Resource Availability

6.3    Colonization and Succession on Landslides

6.4    Succession following Volcanic Eruptions

6.5    Riverbank Succession

6.6    Conclusion

 

Chapter 7

Forest Regeneration following Agricultural Land Uses

7.1    Overview

7.2    Effects of Land Use and Biological Legacies on Propagule Availability and Modes of Regeneration

7.3    Effects of Land Use on Site Quality and Resource Availability

7.4    Conclusion

 

Chapter 8

Forest Regeneration following Hurricanes and Fires

8.1    Overview

8.2    Hurricane Damage and Regeneration

8.3    Tropical Forest Regeneration after Single and Recurrent Fires

8.4    Conclusion

 

Chapter 9

Forest Regeneration following Selective Logging and Land-Use Synergisms

9.1    Overview

9.2    Harvesting Intensity, Forest Disturbance, and Postlogging Forest Regeneration

9.3    Effects of Logging on Animal Abundance and Diversity

9.4    Consequences of Land-Use Synergisms for Forest Regeneration

9.5    Conclusion

 

Chapter 10

Functional Traits and Community Assembly during Secondary Succession

10.1  Overview

10.2  Environmental Gradients during Succession

10.3  Successional Changes in Life-Form Composition

10.4  Functional Traits of Early and Late Successional Species

10.5  Environmental Filtering, Functional Diversity, and Community Assembly during Succession

10.6  A General Scheme for Community Assembly during Secondary Succession

10.7  Conclusion

 

Chapter 11

Recovery of Ecosystem Functions during Forest Regeneration

11.1  Overview

11.2  Loss of Nutrients and Carbon during Conversion of Forest to Agriculture

11.3  Accumulation of Carbon and Nutrients during Forest Regeneration

11.4  Nutrient Cycling and Nutrient Limitation

11.5  Hydrology and Water Balance

11.6  Conclusion

 

Chapter 12

Animal Diversity and Plant-Animal Interactions in Regenerating Forests

12.1  Overview

12.2  Animal Diversity in Regenerating Forests

12.3  Plant-Herbivore Interactions during Forest Regeneration

12.4  Seed Dispersal and Predation during Forest Regeneration

12.5  Pollination in Regenerating Forests

12.6  Conclusion

 

Chapter 13

Tropical Reforestation Pathways

13.1  Overview

13.2  Reforestation Goals and Decisions

13.3  Reforestation through Management of Forest Fallows

13.4  Ecological Forest Restoration in the Tropics

13.5  Recovery of Biodiversity during Reforestation

13.6  Recovery of Ecosystem Properties during Reforestation

13.7  Conclusion

 

Chapter 14

Regenerating Forests in Tropical Landscapes

14.1  Overview

14.2  Land-Use Transitions and Forest Transitions

14.3  The Landscape Context of Forest Regeneration

14.4  Socioecological Drivers of Tropical Reforestation

14.5  Enhancing Forest Regeneration and Human Livelihoods in the Landscape Matrix

14.6  Conclusion

 

Chapter 15

Synthesis: The Promise of Tropical Forest Regeneration in an Age of Deforestation

15.1  The Power of Forest Regeneration

15.2  Tropical Forest Change and Resilience

15.3  The Current and Future Value of Regenerating Tropical Forests

15.4  New Approaches to Promoting Forest Regeneration

 

References

Index

For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
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