The Other Renaissance

Italian Humanism between Hegel and Heidegger

Rocco Rubini

The Other Renaissance
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Rocco Rubini

408 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2014
Cloth $45.00 ISBN: 9780226186139 Will Publish December 2014
E-book $36.00 ISBN: 9780226186276 Will Publish December 2014
A natural heir of the Renaissance and once tightly conjoined to its study, continental philosophy broke from Renaissance studies around the time of World War II. In The Other Renaissance, Rocco Rubini achieves what many have attempted to do since: bring them back together. Telling the story of modern Italian philosophy through the lens of Renaissance scholarship, he recovers a strand of philosophic history that sought to reactivate the humanist ideals of the Renaissance, even as philosophy elsewhere progressed toward decidedly antihumanist sentiments.
           
Bookended by Giambattista Vico and Antonio Gramsci, this strand of Renaissance-influenced philosophy rose in reaction to the major revolutions of the time in Italy, such as national unity, fascism, and democracy. Exploring the ways its thinkers critically assimilated the thought of their northern counterparts, Rubini uncovers new possibilities in our intellectual history: that antihumanism could have been forestalled, and that our postmodern condition could have been entirely different. In doing so, he offers an important new way of thinking about the origins of modernity, one that renews a trust in human dignity and the Western legacy as a whole.
Paul Richard Blum, Loyola University Maryland
“Rubini’s book is not just for Renaissance aficionados and historians—it is a study that sets standards of how intellectual history should be done: through entering the minds of the partners in the debate, understanding the philosophical issues from the inside, locating them in the human/personal as well as social and political contexts, and paying attention to the shifts and changes over time.”
Contents
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
Preface
 
Introduction: How We Came to Be Such As We Are and Not Otherwise
            Humanism as Cartesianism
            Humanism as Vichianism
            A Peninsular Philosophy
            Supplementing a Well-Known Story
            Renaissance Scholarship and the History of Philosophy
            A Note on Method
 
1. Philosophy and Revolution: Italian Vichianism and the “Renaissance Shame”
           Introduction
           Vincenzo Cuoco and Italy’s “Passive Revolution”
           Italians as Disciples of God: Vincenzo Gioberti and Neo-Guelphism
           Overcoming the “Renaissance Shame”: Italian Hegelianism
           Humanism Reborn and Fulfilled: From Positivism to Giovanni Gentile’s Actualism
           Conclusion: A Problem Unsolved
 
2. The (Re)Generation of Italian Thought: The Interwar Period
            Introduction: Philosophizing in the Time of Fascism and Beyond
            Twentieth-Century Humanists and Scholastics
            Problematicism and Dialogism: Ugo Spirito and Guido Calogero
            Philosophers in the Middle: The “Outsiders”
            Rehearsing Deprovincialization: Enrico Castelli and Nicola Abbagnano
            Positive Existentialism
            Conclusion
 
3. Averting the End of Tradition: Ernesto Grassi
            Introduction
            Between Italy and France: A Christian Thinker’s Discontents
            Heideggerianism Is a Platonism
            Heideggerian Platonism May or May Not Be a (Nietzschean) True Humanism
            Italian Renaissance Humanism Is Also a Humanism
            Conclusion: Starting from Scratch (More or Less)
 
4. Holding It Together: Eugenio Garin
            Introduction
            Pichian Existentialism
            Cassirer, Gentile, and the History of Italian Philosophy
            The Making of the Italian Paradigm: Garin, Grassi, and Castelli
            The Italian Paradigm Continued: Baron’s “Civic Humanism” Is Also an Existentialism
            Conclusion: Historicizing the Present through Gramsci’s “Humanism”
 
5. A Philosopher’s Humanism: Paul Oskar Kristeller
            Introduction: The Italian(s’) Renaissance beyond Italy
            Italy in the Interim: Between Gentile and Saitta
            Ficino, a Diamond in the Rough: Kristeller’s Neo-Kantianism
            Conclusion: Renaissance Scholarship as Philosophical Discourse
 
Conclusion: Humanism before Cartesianism (despite Heidegger)
 
Index
For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
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