The Mild Voice of Reason
Deliberative Democracy and American National Government
Drawing on original research, case studies of policymaking in Congress, and portraits of American lawmakers, Bessette demonstrates not only the limitations of nondeliberative explanations for how laws are made but also the continued vitality of genuine reasoning on the merits of public policy. Bessette discusses the contributions of the executive branch to policy deliberation, and looks at the controversial issue of the proper relationship of public opinion to policymaking.
Informed by Bessette's nine years of public service in city and federal government, The Mild Voice of Reason offers important insights into the real workings of American democracy, articulates a set of standards by which to assess the workings of our governing institutions, and clarifies the forces that promote or inhibit the collective reasoning about common goals so necessary to the success of American democracy.
"No doubt the best-publicized recent book-length work on Congress is columnist George Will's diatribe in praise of term limits in which the core of his complaint is that Congress does not deliberate in its decision-making. Readers who are inclined to share that fantasy would do well to consult the work of Joseph M. Bessette. He turns up massive amounts of material attesting to the centrality of deliberation in congressional life."—Nelson W. Polsby, Presidential Studies Quarterly
2: The Creation of Deliberative Democracy in the United States
3: Deliberation, Democracy, and Policymaking
4: Bargaining and Collective Decisions: The Limits of Explanation
5: Interest, Ambition, and the Character of Lawmakers
6: Deliberation and the Lawmaking Process
7: The President's Contribution to Congressional Deliberations
8: Public Opinion and Democratic Statesmanship
Appendix: Case Studies of Congress: Domestic Legislation, 1946-1970