The Modernity of Tradition

Political Development in India

Lloyd I. Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph

The Modernity of Tradition
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Lloyd I. Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph

316 pages | 6 x 9 | © 1967
Paper $35.00 ISBN: 9780226731377 Published July 1984
Stressing the variations in meaning of modernity and tradition, this work shows how in India traditional structures and norms have been adapted or transformed to serve the needs of a modernizing society. The persistence of traditional features within modernity, it suggests, answers a need of the human condition.

Three areas of Indian life are analyzed: social stratification, charismatic leadership, and law. The authors question whether objective historical conditions, such as advanced industrialization, urbanization, or literacy, are requisites for political modernization.
Part One - Traditional Structures and Modern Politics: Caste
Marx, Modernity, and Mobilization
Paracommunities: The Sociology of Caste Associations
Horizontal Mobilization: The Nadars; the Vanniyars
The Politics of Caste
Differential Mobilization: Fission, Fusion, Decompression
The Future of Equality: The Social Condition of Political Integration
Untouchability: The Test of Fellow Feeling
Part Two - The Traditional Roots of Charisma: Gandhi
The Fear of Cowardice
Gandhi and the New Courage
Self-Control and Political Potency
This-Worldly Asceticism and Political Modernization
The Private Origins of Public Obligation
The New Meaning of Old Paths
Part Three - Legal Cultures and Social Change: Panchayats, Pandits, and Professionals
Traditional and Modern Justice
The Modernity of Brahmanic Law
The Anglicization of Indian Law
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