Grammatical Theory

Its Limits and Its Possibilities

Frederick J. Newmeyer

Grammatical Theory
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Frederick J. Newmeyer

201 pages | © 1983
Paper $22.50 ISBN: 9780226577197 Published September 1983
Newmeyer persuasively defends the controversial theory of transformational generative grammar. Grammatical Theory is for every linguist, philosopher, or psychologist who is skeptical of generative grammar and wants to learn more about it.

Newmeyer's formidable scholarship raises the level of debate on transformational generative grammar. He stresses the central importance of an autonomous formal grammar, discusses the limitations of "discourse-based" approaches to syntax, cites support for generativist theory in recent research, and clarifies misunderstood concepts associated with generative grammar.
1. The Generativist Approach to Linguistic Analysis
1.1. Introduction
1.2. On the Autonomy of Grammar and the Modular Conception of Language
1.3. Some Evidence for the Autonomy of Formal Grammar
1.3.1. Grammatical Evidence
1.3.2. Evidence from Language Acquisition
1.3.3. Neurological Evidence
1.4. Some Modular Accounts of Linguistic Phenomena
1.4.1. Multiply Center-Embedded Constructions
1.4.2. Tag Questions
1.4.3. Indirect Speech Acts
1.4.4. The Interpretation of Anaphoric Elements
1.5. Some Troublesome Concepts
1.5.1. Competence and Performance
1.5.2. Linguistic Universals
1.5.3. Simplicity and Evaluation
1.5.4. Psychological Reality

2. The Data Base of Grammatical Theory
2.1. The Value of Introspective Data
2.2. Conflicting Analyses, Not Conflicting Judgments
2.2.1. Grammaticality and Acceptability
2.2.2. Unclear Cases: Letting the Grammar Decide
2.2.3. The Problem of Context
2.2.4. Some Alleged Data Disagreements
2.3. Introspective and Nonintrospective Data
2.3.1. On Investigating Acceptability Experimentally
2.3.2. The Studies "Disconfirming" Introspective Data
2.3.3. The Validity Problem
2.4. Is Grammatical Theory English-Oriented?

3. Grammatical Theory and Language Variation
3.1. Introduction
3.2. On the "Ideal Speaker-Listener"
3.3. Optional Rules and Free Variation
3.4. On Variable Rules
3.5. Some Contributions of Grammatical Theory to the Understanding of Variation
3.5.1. Pidgins and Creoles
3.5.2. Casual Speech Phenomenon
3.5.3. Dialect Differences
3.5.4. Speech Errors
3.5.5. Language Play
3.5.6. Bilingual Code Switching

4. Formal Grammar and Extragrammatical Principles
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Three Popular Beliefs about Language
4.2.1. First Belief: The Function of Language Is Communication
4.2.2. Second Belief: Grammatical Form Is Derivable from Extragrammatical Principles
4.2.3. Third Belief: Communicative Function Explains Linguistic Form
4.3. Two Discourse-Oriented Approaches to Grammar
4.3.1. Bolinger's Meaning and Form
4.3.2. Givón's On Understanding Grammar

5. The Applicability of Grammatical Theory
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Three Reasons for the Disillusionment with Generativist Theory
5.2.1. The Unrealistic Expectations of Many Applied Linguists
5.2.2. Unsuccessful Applications of the Theory
5.2.3. The Supposed Indifference of Generativists to Applied Concerns
5.3. Some Implications and Applications of Grammatical Theory
5.3.1. Second Language Learning
5.3.2. Natural Language Processing
5.3.3. Linguistics and Literature
5.3.4. Linguistics as the Core of a Science Curriculum
5.3.5. Grammatical Theory and Nonstandard Dialects
5.4. Conclusion

Name Index
Subject Index

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