Cloth $45.00 ISBN: 9780226924915 Published March 2013
Paper $27.00 ISBN: 9780226269405 Published March 2015
E-book $7.00 to $27.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226924922 Published March 2013

Fragments and Assemblages

Forming Compilations of Medieval London

Arthur Bahr

Arthur Bahr

296 pages | 7 halftones | 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 | © 2013
Cloth $45.00 ISBN: 9780226924915 Published March 2013
Paper $27.00 ISBN: 9780226269405 Published March 2015
E-book $7.00 to $27.00 About E-books ISBN: 9780226924922 Published March 2013
In Fragments and Assemblages, Arthur Bahr expands the ways in which we interpret medieval manuscripts, examining the formal characteristics of both physical manuscripts and literary works. Specifically, Bahr argues that manuscript compilations from fourteenth-century London reward interpretation as both assemblages and fragments: as meaningfully constructed objects whose forms and textual contents shed light on the city’s literary, social, and political cultures, but also as artifacts whose physical fragmentation invites forms of literary criticism that were unintended by their medieval makers. Such compilations are not simply repositories of data to be used for the reconstruction of the distant past; their physical forms reward literary and aesthetic analysis in their own right. The compilations analyzed reflect the full vibrancy of fourteenth-century London’s literary cultures: the multilingual codices of Edwardian civil servant Andrew Horn and Ricardian poet John Gower, the famous Auchinleck manuscript of texts in Middle English, and Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. By reading these compilations as both formal shapes and historical occurrences, Bahr uncovers neglected literary histories specific to the time and place of their production. The book offers a less empiricist way of interpreting the relationship between textual and physical form that will be of interest to a wide range of literary critics and manuscript scholars.
Julia Boffey | Times Literary Supplement
“[Bahr’s] attractively written, often witty book, informed by a wide range of scholarship, elegantly demonstrates one way of using material form in the service of critical analysis.”
A. L. Kaufman, Auburn University at Montgomery | Choice
“[E]ngaging and thoroughly enjoyable. . . . Highly recommended.”
Janine Rogers, Mount Allison University | Review of English Studies
“Bahr’s Fragments and Assemblages is the realization of a kind of literary codicology that has been long promised but slow to emerge. In this selective, elegant study of late medieval English literature, Bahr re-approaches several important texts and textual communities through the prism of manuscript research. The book weaves together codicological research with literary close readings and connects literary production with historical contexts to produce an exciting re-visioning of literate culture in fourteenth-century London. . . . Bahr cleverly posits critical practice itself as an assemblage, and constructs the readerly community, which includes authors, manuscript makers, readers and critics, as a kind of assemblage akin to the urban community of medieval London. He invites to rest of us to share in the ‘compilational game’ of reading manuscript culture in these expanded and fluid ways, and it is a challenge I hope many other readers will take up.”
Seth Lerer, University of California, San Diego
“In this remarkably erudite and elegantly argued book, Arthur Bahr makes the compelling case for the meaning of medieval literature in its manuscript environment. Building on much recent scholarship in the study of the handwritten book, Bahr shows how literary value often lies along the fissures of the fragment. Medieval English compilations—whether they be the concatenations of the Auchinleck manuscript, or the various assemblies of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales—are not as unified as they might seem. Bahr’s powerful analyses of these and other texts as physical objects demonstrates, in his words, how ‘the literary can be found, delighted in and nurtured’ at the intersection of ‘codicological form and textual content.’ Fragments and Assemblages makes a powerful case for medieval literary study grounded equally in the archive and the imagination.”

Maura Nolan, University of California, Berkeley
Fragments and Assemblages makes the striking claim that the standard treatment of Chaucer and other Ricardian poets, as figures who broke with the past in order to inaugurate a new kind of literary writing in English, must be revised in light of textual evidence. Arthur Bahr works carefully with fourteenth-century manuscripts in order to show us connections from Andrew Horn to the Auchinleck manuscript to Chaucer and Gower; he thereby stitches together the divided fourteenth century and demonstrates that literary production during the period was an ongoing and continuous project. At the same time, he also makes an important methodological statement about the significance of formalism to the study of manuscripts and to historical work. All of the texts he discusses are compilations, which he categorizes as either ‘fragments’ or ‘assemblages’ in order to suggest that there is a necessary dialectic between them: the works he describes all betray evidence of being assembled for a larger purpose, but they simultaneously exist as fragments, both physically and in the abstract. This double approach enables Bahr to construct an original and creative new account of fourteenth-century writing, one with which all scholars of late medieval literature will want to engage.”

James Simpson, Harvard University
“Arthur Bahr’s scholarship is deeply learned and technically skillful, as he invests codicology with the larger promises of formalism. But have no fear: Bahr’s prose sparkles with intellectual delicacy, energy, and pleasure. This is scholarship voiced in an especially agreeable and distinctive way. I enjoyed reading Fragments and Assemblages enormously.”


List of Figures, Acknowledgments
Compilation, Assemblage, Fragment

Civic Counterfactualism and the Assemblage of London
The Corpus of Andrew Horn

Fragmentary Forms of Imitative Fantasy
Booklet 3 of the Auchinleck Manuscript

Constructing Compilations of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales

Rewriting the Past, Reassembling the Realm
The Trentham Manuscript of John Gower

Afterword, Bibliography, Index

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