Cartographies of Travel and Navigation
Finding one’s way with a map is a relatively recent phenomenon. In premodern times, maps were used, if at all, mainly for planning journeys in advance, not for guiding travelers on the road. With the exception of navigational sea charts, the use of maps by travelers only became common in the modern era; indeed, in the last two hundred years, maps have become the most ubiquitous and familiar genre of modern cartography.
Examining the historical relationship between travelers, navigation, and maps, Cartographies of Travel and Navigation considers the cartographic response to the new modalities of modern travel brought about by technological and institutional developments in the twentieth century. Highlighting the ways in which the travelers, operators, and planners of modern transportation systems value maps as both navigation tools and as representatives of a radical new mobility, this collection brings the cartography of travel—by road, sea, rail, and air—to the forefront, placing maps at the center of the history of travel and movement.
Richly and colorfully illustrated, Cartographies of Travel and Navigation ably fills the void in historical literature on transportation mapping.
Preface and Acknowledgements
Chapter 1. Introduction
James R. Akerman
Chapter 2. Milieus of Mobility: Itineraries, Route Maps, and Road Maps
Chapter 3. Surveying the Seas: Establishing the Sea Routes to the East Indies
Andrew S. Cook
Chapter 4. Mapping a Transcontinental Nation: Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century American Rail Travel Cartography
Chapter 5. Twentieth-Century American Road Maps and the Making of a National Motorized Space
James R. Akerman
Chapter 6. “Up in the Air in More Ways Than One”: The Emergence of Aeronautical Charts in the United States
Ralph E. Ehrenberg
Chapter 7. Maps on Wheels: The Evolution of Intelligent Automobile Navigation
Robert L. French
List of Contributors