Bread, Wine, and Money
The Windows of the Trades at Chartres Cathedral
Williams weaves a tight net of historical circumstances, iconographic traditions, exegetical implications, political motivations, and liturgical functions to explain the imagery in the windows of the trades. Her account of changing social relationships in thirteenth-century Chartres focuses on the bakers, tavern keepers, and money changers whose bread, wine, and money were used as means of exchange, tithing, and offering throughout medieval society. Drawing on a wide variety of original documents and scholarly work, this book makes important new contributions to our knowledge of one of the great monuments of Western culture.
1. The Literature and Some Modifications
2. The Historical Circumstances
3. The Offering of Bread
4. The Offering of Wine
5. The Offering of Gold and Silver Coins