Chivalry, Sacrifice, and the Great War
Here for the first time, Allen J. Frantzen traces these chivalric ideals from the Great War back to their origins in the Middle Ages and shows how they resulted in highly influential models of behavior for men in combat. Drawing on a wide selection of literature and images from the medieval period, along with photographs, memorials, postcards, war posters, and film from both sides of the front, Frantzen shows how such media shaped a chivalric ideal of male sacrifice based on the Passion of Jesus Christ. He demonstrates, for instance, how the wounded body of Christ became the inspiration for heroic male suffering in battle. For some men, the Crucifixion inspired a culture of revenge, one in which Christ's bleeding wounds were venerated as badges of valor and honor. For others, Christ's sacrifice inspired action more in line with his teachings—a daring stay of hands or reason not to visit death upon one's enemies.
Lavishly illustrated and eloquently written, Bloody Good will be must reading for anyone interested in World War I and the influence of Christian ideas on modern life.
“Frantzen reached down to feel the vibrations of one of the bass strings of European civilization, where Christianity, manhood, violence, and vengeance meet. His exploration of that tone is both deep and revealing.”
Introduction: Bloody Good 1
PART ONE - CHIVALRY AND SACRIFICE IN THE MIDDLE AGES
Chapter 1- Chivalry and Sacrifice
Chapter 2- Violence and Abjection
Chapter 3- The Making of a Knight: St. Edmund, Virgin and Martyr
Chapter 4- Chivalry and Sacrifice: A Chronicle of Scales
Chapter 5- Antisacrifice: The Hidden Cost of Chivalry
PART TWO - CHIVALRY AND THE GREAT WAR
Chapter 6- "Modest stillness and humility": The Nineteenth Century and the Chivalry of Duty
Chapter 7- "Teach them how to war": Postcards, Chivalry, and Sacrifice
Chapter 8- "Greater love than this": Memorials of the Great War
Chapter 9- Circles of Grief: Chivalry and the Heart of Sacrifice