Author Guidelines and Submission Instructions: Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research

Table of Contents





JSSWR publishes peer-reviewed original research related to social and health problems, programs, and policies. The editorial board is particularly interested in rigorous qualitative or quantitative studies of practice in social work and related fields. JSSWR welcomes both full-length and brief reports based on numerical or text data analyses. In addition, JSSWR publishes meta-analytic studies and systematic reviews. In preparing a manuscript for JSSWR, please follow the Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS) of the American Psychological Association (APA). All manuscripts must be submitted online.


Full Reports

Full-length reports cannot exceed 35 double-spaced pages, including abstract, references, tables, and figures. Longer manuscripts may be considered for review if the article is well written and the authors can provide justification for the added length (e.g., reviewed multiple instruments, included multiple studies).


Brief Reports

Brief reports cannot exceed 16 pages (inclusive of, abstract, references, tables, and figures).


Systematic Reviews

Guidelines for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

Original systematic reviews cannot exceed 40 pages excluding references. Reviewed works should be included in the references and noted with an asterisk (e.g., * Scott, W. L., & Champion, S. …).


Prospective registration of systematic reviews is expected (Stewart, Moher, & Shekelle, 2012).


Authors should follow evidence-based guidelines for conducting and reporting systematic reviews. Authors must report which guidelines they have followed and, if applicable, where their work deviates from those guidelines.


Guidelines for the conduct of systematic reviews are provided by the

  1. Institute of Medicine (2011) at

  3. Cochrane Collaboration at Also see the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions (Higgins & Green, 2011 or the Cochrane Handbook for Diagnostic Test Accuracy Reviews (



Reports on Published Systematic Reviews

JSSWR welcomes full-length articles and brief reports presenting an analysis of systematic reviews of research on social and health problems, programs, and policies. The full systematic reviews should be available to readers elsewhere (e.g., published through the Cochrane Collaboration) or provided as supplemental materials.
Guidelines for reporting on systematic reviews and meta-analyses are provided by
  1. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA; Moher et al., 2009; Liberati et al., 2009), and related extensions for systematic reviews on

    1. Equity issues (Welch et al., 2012) and
    2. Individual participant data (Riley, Lambert, & bo-Zaid, 2010)
  2. Institute of Medicine (2011) Standard 5:

  3. The Cochrane Collaboration:
  4. The MOOSE statement for meta-analyses of observational studies (Stroup et al., 2000)
  5. APA Meta-analysis Reporting Standards (APA Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards, 2008):


Reports on Studies Using Visual-Based Methods

Social work pioneers such as Edith Abbott (1936) documented their research with photographs that helped illuminate the social problems of their day and now serve as invaluable historical sources for today’s researchers. In keeping with this foundation of social work research and in recognition of the role of visual media in providing important documentation of social problems, JSSWR invites submissions of manuscripts reporting research using visual methodology. Visual-based research fills a unique role in the development of new knowledge, often supplementing traditional methods with images and other media that enrich our understanding or evoke a more fully conceptualized idea. Manuscripts that incorporate visual-based findings are expected to include detailed description of methods, including a discussion of limitations. As with all manuscripts submitted to JSSWR, articles reporting visual-based research will go through the JSSWR peer-review process. 
Visual Methods in Social Work Research
Visual-based research uses visual media as a fundamental, intrinsic element of the research. The images used in the research can be made by either the researcher or by the study participants. Visual media include film, video, still images, drawings, or other forms of creative expression that can be archived as visual documents collected by the researcher (e.g., photographs of clay sculptures created by immigrant children to express their acculturation experience; see Banks, 2001; Hockings, 2003; Rose, 2005). Whereas other disciplines might focus on the characteristics or quality of the visual object itself, JSSWR encourages visual-based research that uses visual media as a means to access knowledge and data about the topic under investigation (e.g., see Cross, Kabel, & Lysack, 2006; Gold, 2004, Ponzetti, 2003).
Social work research incorporating visual methodology might use images as data to be interpreted by the researcher through various methods such as photo documentation (Collier & Collier, 1986) and photo-interviewing (Hurworth, 2003). Photo documentation is the process of systematically making images that will generate data to assist in answering the identified research question (Prosser, 2006). Images may be made by the researcher, a hired photographer, or, as has been done in some instances, by the research participants (Cannuscio et al., 2009; Gold, 2004). These visual images are often used to augment field notes, in-depth interviews, or ethnographic research to garner additional information about participants, their communities, or social events. For instance, visual-based research might include systematically making images of city neighborhoods with the aim of developing a better understanding of the relationship between physical environment and health of the residents (Cannuscio et al., 2009). Another use of visual methodology would be systematically photographing the material content and organization of a participant’s home to augment data collected about the household’s economic level (Collier & Collier, 1986). 
Photo-interviewing supplements the traditional research interview by using photographs to elicit a response from the research participant; these responses are analyzed using content analysis or other types of visually oriented analytic approaches to answer designated research questions (Collier & Collier, 1986). This approach adds depth to interview discussions, and the images and resulting discussions form another data stream to be interpreted by the researcher. Photo-interviewing is based on the idea that interviews that incorporate images and text elicit responses that differ in important ways from responses to interviews that rely solely on verbal exchanges (Harper, 2002). 
Photo-interviewing methods that social workers are most likely to use include photo elicitation (Collier & Collier, 1986; Harper, 2002), reflexive photography (Morrow, 2001; Ponzetti, 2003), and photo novella (Quinn, Hauser, Bell-Ellison, Rodriguez, & Frías, 2006; Wang & Burris, 1994), which is also known as photovoice (Carlson, Engebretson, & Chamberlain, 2006; Castleden, Garvin, & the Huu-ay-aht First Nations, 2008; Wang, Yi, Tao, & Carovano, 2000). Photo elicitation can augment open-ended in-depth interviews by using photographs to stimulate and guide the interview process (Harper, 2002; Prosser, 2006). Although elicitation studies typically use photographs, a growing number of researchers are using other forms of visual media to elicit discussion responses to research questions (Cowan, 1999; Cross et al., 2006). For example, Cross and her colleagues (2006) used drawings made by research participants to elicit their experiences of spinal cord injury. 
Reflexive photography specifically uses photographs made by participants (Cannuscio et al., 2009; Hurworth, 2003) and is generally paired with in-depth interviews or a written exercise designed to gather the participant’s interpretation of the photographs. For example, a researcher may provide participants with disposable cameras and a specific photo assignment such as capturing meaningful relationships with friends, family, or places in the community (Ponzetti, 2003). Once the assignment is completed, the researcher and the participant work together to review the photographs and discuss their meaning.
Photo novella, or photovoice, is a form of community-based participatory research that “provides participants the opportunity to document their everyday lives as a tool to record and reflect, promote dialogue, encourage action and inform policy [and practice]” (Wang & Burris, 1994, p. 171). This form of photo-interviewing is similar to reflexive photography in that it provides participants with cameras to document the matter in question. However, the photo novella approach is based on the premise that providing a camera to people who might not otherwise have access to one will empower them to record and initiate change in their community (Rose, 1997). Thus, the photo novella methodology intentionally engages active participation from participants in the design and execution of the study, as well as the interpretation and application of the study’s findings.
Submission of Visual Data
Authors are responsible for submitting all visual material to accompany manuscripts. For initial review, photographs, illustrations, and other visual media should be submitted as high-resolution jpg, tiff, or eps files of at least 300dpi. If the images accompanying a manuscript are not the original work of the authors, it is the authors’ responsibility to secure written permission from the individuals who own those images. In addition, authors must obtain signed consent/release forms from all individuals who are identifiable in a photo or image. Authors do not need to provide copies of these releases when first submitting a manuscript. However, if a manuscript is accepted, the authors must provide JSSWR with copies of written copyright permission, permission letters, and signed consent/release forms before publication.



JSSWR uses a double-masked peer-review process. At least three reviewers critique each manuscript and make a recommendation to the editor, who then makes the final decision regarding publication of the manuscript.

Excluded and Suggested Reviewers. During the submission process, authors may request certain persons be excluded as potential reviewers (authors are required to provide reasons for exclusion). Authors may also suggest up to three persons as potential reviewers (please provide full name, institution, and e-mail contact). We ask authors to suggest potential reviewers because they might have insight into scholars who can evaluate the manuscript objectively, in appropriate context. Suggested reviewers should meet the following criteria:
  • Reviewer has expertise in author’s content area/method;
  • Reviewer has not already reviewed or otherwise contributed to the manuscript;
  • Reviewer has not published with nor done substantial work with any of the authors of the manuscript within the past few years;
  • Reviewer is not a current collaborator with any of the authors of the manuscript; and
  • Reviewer is not a member of the same institution as any of the authors of the manuscript.
Suggested reviewers will be considered alongside potential reviewers recommended by the Editor and Associate Editors.



All articles for JSSWR should be written as clearly and concisely as possible. JSSWR has an international audience of readers who are academics, researchers, policy makers, practitioners, and students. Articles should be written for readers who have expertise the subject as well as readers who lack expertise but have great interest in the subject. A simple, direct style is preferred to ensure the information presented is accessible to all readers, and especially readers in other disciplines and for whom English is not a first language.
Specialized terms are permitted, but should be concisely defined on first use.
Overuse of abbreviations and acronyms can hinder readers’ comprehension of your message. Two helpful guidelines suggest (a) limiting abbreviations to terms repeated 5 or more times in the text, and (b) limiting use to no more than four or five unfamiliar abbreviations in a manuscript.
After acceptance, your manuscript will be copy edited to ensure the clarity and readability of the text and figures. In addition, the text will be edited for grammar and compliance with APA style. Authors are welcome to discuss proposed changes with the copy editors, but JSSWR reserves the right to make the final decision about matters of style and the size of figures.
Proofing the copy edits and approving the accuracy of the final text is the sole responsibility of the lead author. Authors are expected to be diligent and return approved copy edits in a timely manner. This proofing stage (i.e., copy edit stage) the last opportunity to make substantial changes to the text.
Authors are also encouraged to review "Tips for Preparing a Journal Manuscript."



General Guidelines

All manuscripts should be double-spaced and written in English. JSSWR uses Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary for preferred spellings.
Manuscripts should be prepared using a Times New Roman font (12 point) for text and Calibri or Arial for tables and figures (no smaller than 9 point.)
JSSWR does not allow the use of footnotes or endnotes. Authors should decide if the information warrants inclusion in the text or if the information can be deleted without affecting the accuracy of the article.
For mathematical symbols, Greek letters and other special characters, use normal text or Symbol font. Word Equation Editor/MathType should be used only for formulae that cannot be produced using normal text or Symbol font.
Avoid creating tables that have to be displayed in landscape orientation on the page (i.e., sideways).
Electronic files should have the manuscript elements organized in the following sequence: masked title page, abstract, body text, references, appendices (if any), tables, and figures.


Title Pages

Authors should include a masked title page as part of the manuscript, listing only the running head, article title, and submission date (i.e., no names, no identifying information).
Authors' names, university affiliations, and positions are entered during the submission process; please provide complete information for all co-authors.


Authors should strive to create a concise, descriptive title of 12-15 words.



NEW! Abstracts must be structured, using four headings: Objective, Method, Results, and Conclusions. Abstracts are limited to 250 words, including headings. Set headings in bold italics, followed by a colon and then the first sentence of that section. Format the abstract as a single paragraph (i.e., do not hit Enter after each subsection). The example below illustrates the required abstract format and describes the elements to include in each section (as appropriate to the study).

Purpose: Provide a clear statement of the problem, the primary aim of the study, and the major hypothesis or research question. Method: Describe the study design, including a description of participants and sampling methods, setting, data collection procedures, measures, and analytic approach. For quantitative studies, identify the statistical method(s) used. Results: Summarize the major findings. Quantitative studies should include 95% confidence intervals. Conclusions: Clearly describe the main outcome(s) of the study and the implications for practice and policy.



Additional APA guidelines for the Abstract section

  • Place the abstract on a separate page (page 2) of the manuscript.
  • Use present tense in the abstract whenever possible.
  • Use Arabic numerals for all numbers (except those beginning a sentence).
  • Do not include citations in the abstract unless the study replicates or builds directly on another's work.


Key Words

After the abstract, insert two blank lines and the provide 5 key words or phrases.


Use MeSH key words when possible. Going the extra step of selecting key words from the National Library of Medicine's MeSH index will increase the "searchability" of your article—that is, the ability of search engines to locate your paper in electronic databases. See for more information on MeSH key words.



Format Requirements

  • Use 12-point Times New Roman font, double-spaced throughout (except tables and figures), and set margins at 1" on all sides.
  • Submit manuscript as a Word document.
  • Place tables and figures after the References section and indicate preferred placement point in the body of the manuscript such as "<Insert Table 1 here>"
  • Tables and figures should use Calibri or Arial font, no smaller than 9 point
  • Mask the manuscript for anonymous review by following instructions for Ensuring a Masked Review.
    • Key points to remember in masking the manuscript include
    • Self-citations: Replace authors’ names with “Author” in the in-text citations and reference list. Alternatively, ensure the text is neutral and does not indicate you are citing your previous work.
    • Masked title page attached to manuscript: Include only the running head, article title, and submission date
    • Other identifying information: Mask or remove university names and city or state names from which a reviewer might discern your identity or the identity of your institution. The identifying information will be restored before publication. For example, instead of writing, “This research was approved by the University of North Carolina Institutional Review Board," mask the text to read, "This research was approved by the Institutional Review Board of a large university in the Southeastern United States."

Studies With Human Participants

Participants versus Subjects
JSSWR diverges from APA guideline in requiring the use of participants to refer to humans involved in research studies. Accordingly, the term study subjects is reserved for nonhuman study subjects (e.g., lab rats).
Statement of Institutional Approval
Manuscripts reporting the findings of studies conducted with human participants must include a statement indicating the research received appropriate institutional approvals. In addition, authors should ensure their manuscripts do not contain information that would allow anyone to discern the identity of study participants. If a manuscript includes participant quotes or refers to participants by pseudonyms, the text should include a statement of the precautions taken to protect confidentiality.
Qualitative Reports
Qualitative reports that include extensive direct quotes from participants may deviate from standard format on the following points:
  • Participants' quotes can be set in italics; if more than one line, set as a single-spaced block quote.
  • Pseudonyms and descriptive information may be enclosed in parentheses following quote. Example:
    "I learned others saw the world differently than I did, and I realized that my perspective was limiting my opportunities." (Joe, 26-year-old)
Manuscripts Reporting on Scale Development
For detailed guidelines on scale development manuscripts, please see Cabrera-Nguyen (2010) Author Guidelines for Reporting Scale Development and Validation Results in the Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research (Vol. 1, pp. 99-103) at
Math and Numbers
In general, numbers one through nine are written out, except when used to report percentages, exact units of measure (i.e., points on a scale, precise time units), sample sizes, or used in combination with numbers 10 or greater. For example:
    • " items that use a 5-point Likert scale."
    • "The 3-year study… almost six-month intervals, or 6 times within the ...."
    • "...four of the 15 studies reviewed...
    • " increase of 3% was the smallest percentage reported for..."
  • Do not begin a sentence with a numeral. Most readers can comprehend Arabic numerals more easily than numbers written as words, especially large numbers. Thus, rather than merely spelling out a number at the beginning of a sentence, the preferred approach is to rewrite the sentence so that the number occurs within the sentence.
  • One space precedes and follows every mathematical expression (e.g., p = .031, not p=.031).
  • Superscripts and subscripts in equations should be typed as such. Ordinals in text do not use superscripts (i.e., 20th century, not 20th century)
  • Unless additional digits are necessary, JSSWR prefers that values are rounded to two decimal places. However, p values should be reported to two or three decimal places.
  • Statistical significance levels (p values) less than .001 should never be reported as zero, instead report these values as p < .001.
  • For additional details, see the Publication Guide of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (2010).
Miscellaneous Style Points
  • When introducing a term, set the word in italics on first use and provide a definition; drop the italics for subsequent use of the term (i.e., set in regular font).
  • Avoid jargon, buzzwords, nominalization, and using "impact" as a verb.
  • Avoid word inflation; that is, making words longer than necessary (e.g., suicidality, generalizability, or operationalize when not used as a math term).
  • Avoid use of "feels," "thinks," "believes" when reporting participant responses. Instead, ensure objective reporting of such information. Rather than writing, "participants believed they understood the options..." use "participants reported they understood the options...."
  • Reserve the use of "significant," "significantly," and "significance" to refer to statistical significance; use in combination with "statistical" or "statistically" (as appropriate) for clarity.



  • Citations and references must follow the guidelines of the Publication Guide of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (2010). 
  • All reference entries should include a digital object identifier (DOI) – when available – regardless of whether the source used was in a print or electronic format.
  • Please provide DOIs in the “long form” (i.e., Internet URL) rather than the shortened APA format. For example, provides DOIs in the long form such as  See below to learn how to obtain DOIs from
  • Brief instructions for basic APA reference formats are available from
  • Authors should ensure that all in-text citations have a corresponding reference entry and that each reference entry is cited in the text.
  • Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their reference citations.

Obtaining DOIs for References

The DOI System provides helpful citation-linking tools through the site. The Simple-Text Query option at allows you to retrieve DOIs by copying and pasting an entire reference list. Available DOIs are returned as active links, highlighted in red at the end of the reference entry. Cutting and pasting ensures accuracy of the complex DOI alphanumeric strings.



Prepare tables using Word’s table tool with gridlines hidden; DO NOT create tables using tabs and spaces. Avoid creating table so wide that they require landscape orientation on the page (sideways).
Follow APA guidelines for tables with the exception line spacing; JSSWR asks that tables use single-spacing and Calibri or Arial font (no smaller than 9 point)
  • Number each table with an Arabic numeral (e.g., Table 2)
  • Table title should be brief but descriptive; set table title in headline-style caps and italics [e.g., Table 1 Descriptive Statistics of Analytic Sample (N =754) ]
  • Align columns of figures on decimal points
  • Give units of measurement in table notes, not within the table
  • Use lowercase letters to indicate table notes, and use * to indicate p values.


FIGURES (i.e., graphs, diagrams, photographs)

  • Ensure figures are of high quality; submit photographs as .gif, .jpg, or .png files.
  • Authors who created figures as a PowerPoint slide should make a copy of the original slide available upon the manuscript’s acceptance for publication.
  • Indicate preferred placement for each figure within the body text (e.g., <Insert Figure 1 here >)
  • Number each figure with an Arabic numeral (e.g., Figure 1)
  • Include explanation of any symbols or abbreviation in figure captions so the reader can easily interpret the figure without referring to the text
  • Ensure any colors used in figures will be distinct when converted to black and white for print version.


To submit a manuscript, register with the journal as an author (click Register Now), then login, and click the Submit New Manuscript link.
What You Will Need for Online Submission
-- Authors are encouraged to review the Submission Checklist on the next page before submitting a manuscript. 

(Note: the electronic system harvests and uses the article data exactly as entered. Please take time to ensure your entries use correct spelling and grammar.):
  1. Article title 
  2. Abstract (can be pasted in the text box).
  3. Key words for indexing: separate key words with semicolons
  4.  Manuscript, formatted according to our Author Guidelines with masked title page, masked for anonymous review, and saved as a Microsoft Word document.
  5. Cover letter (separate file)
  6. Author-identifying title page (separate file)
  7. Co-author information
    1. Full names (with correct spelling) of all co-authors, enter co-authors in sequence of contribution to manuscript
    2. Each co-author’s institution or university affiliation and current position
    3. E-mail address for each co-author
  8. Designate one person as Corresponding Author role.
    1. Submitting author (you) should be the corresponding author, or the submission file will disappear from your account and you will not be able to complete submission process. This designation can be changed after the submission has been completed.
    2. Provide Corresponding Author’s full name, affiliation, physical and e-mail address, and phone number
  9. Enter Statement of Conflict of Interest (if none, state none; do not leave blank)
  10. Enter statement of funding or support for this research. Some funders require specific wording to be used in acknowledging their support of research.
  11. Acknowledge that the submission has not been published previously and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.
  12. Upload completed Article License/Copyright Agreement
  13. Upload Supplemental files (optional)
  14. You may identify 1 – 2 persons you want to exclude as potential reviewers (optional)



All manuscripts must be submitted electronically. Authors may submit manuscripts via our online submission system, Editorial Manager. Please upload your manuscripts at
This checklist summarizes the manuscript requirements. Full explanations and further details are provided in the relevant sections of this document. Authors are also encouraged to review "Tips for Preparing a Journal Manuscript."
  • Authors have properly masked the manuscript for the double-masked peer-review process and have followed procedures in Ensuring a Masked Review, to remove hidden meta-data from the electronic file.  
  • All parts of the manuscript follow the guidelines of the Publication Guide of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (2010). 
  • Text is double-spaced, with 1" margins all sides, and uses 12 pt. Times New Roman font
  • Tables and figures are single-spaced and use Calibri or Arial 9 pt. font or larger.
  • Tables and figures are placed after the Reference section, with preferred placement points indicated in the text (e.g., "<Insert Table 1 here>").
  • Manuscript is saved as Word document
  • Manuscript does not exceed stated page limits (full report, 35 pages inclusive; brief reports, 16 pages, inclusive; systematic reviews, 40 pages excluding references); if manuscript exceeds page limits present compelling reason for length.
  • Title page attached to manuscript contains only running head, article title, and submission date (i.e., no author-identifying information).
  • Separate file created for author-identifying title page. Identifying title page provides name and contact information for corresponding author. Corresponding author is responsible for ensuring accuracy of article meta-data (e.g., co-authors’ names, positions, and affiliations; funding statement, statement of conflict of interest).
  • Abstract is 250 words or less and is written in present tense (when possible)
  • Up to 5 key words or phrases are listed 2 lines below the abstract
  • MeSH key words and phrases have been used when possible
  • References include active (hyperlinked) DOIs or URLs for all sources, when available.
  • Authors have ensured proper citation of the words and ideas of others. When ideas are paraphrased, the original sources are properly cited.
  • Manuscripts reporting on studies with human participants include a statement indicating the research received appropriate institutional approvals.
  • Supplementary information is provided as separate files and submitted in the specified formats.



Reviewers often feel an article can be substantially strengthened if the authors are willing to undertake revisions. If submitted within 60 days of the initial decision, revised manuscripts should be resubmitted by amending the original submission file. Authors should carefully read the steps outlined below. Following these steps usually accelerates the re-review process.
  • When an author is asked to revise a manuscript, the original submission is moved into the Submissions Needing Revision folder (located in the Revisions box on the author's Main Menu page).
  • From the Submissions Needing Revision folder, authors have the following options listed under Action (far left column; click on + to display options):

    • View Submission
    • File Inventory
    • Submit Revision
    • Decline to Revise
  • Selecting the Submit Revision link triggers the process for uploading a revised manuscript; prompts will lead authors through the submission process for submitting their revision.
  • During the process, authors will be presented with a list of the Source Files submitted for the previous version. Authors can choose whether to "carry over" files (e.g., figures or tables that did not require revision) from the previous version to the new revision.
  • To retain a source file, the author must select/check the box for that source file.


Respond to Reviewers

Author's response to reviewer comments should be prepared as a separate Word document that is uploaded as part of the re-submission process. The responses will be built into the new PDF in the final step.

Recommended format: JSSWR recommends authors use a table format for responding to reviewer comments. Whatever format is used, authors should include the following elements:

  • Each reviewer comment (cut and paste each comment or provide summary)
  • Author's response to each comment
  • Page number or location of revision
  • Modified text (i.e., cut and paste the revised/added text)

Reviewer Comment Author Response Location Modified Text
  Reviewer #1, Comment 1. Authors should
  justify their use of such a small sample...
  We agree readers might be concerned
  about the sample size, therefore we
  Method section,
  p. 12
  Although a larger sample
  would have been ideal,
  qualitative research with
  small samples can be...


If you disagree with a reviewer's comment, be sure to add a clarifying statement to the text because readers might have the same question as the reviewers.

  • If a clarifying statement is not added, include your justification for omitting the clarification. That is, describe your rationale. You need not respond positively to all comments from reviewers, but you should justify your decision.

Submitting Supplemental Information

  • Supplementary information should be provided as separate files, and submitted in the specified formats.
  • JSSWR provides authors with the means to go beyond the limits of text by adding audio clips, videos, and slide shows as supplementary online files to accompany their articles. Photographs should be submitted as .gif, .jpg, or .png files.
  • It is the author’s responsibility to obtain signed releases for images or photographs of study participants. Once an article has been accepted for publication, the authors must furnish JSSWR with copies of release documentation or letters granting permission to use images. 
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