Instructions for Authors


Instructions for Article Contributors

The Journal of Modern History is edited according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (Chicago, 2010).


  • Manuscripts should be arranged in the following order: text, appendixes, notes, tables, figure legends. Of course, not all manuscripts will have all of these components.
  • The entire manuscript must be double spaced, including all epigraphs, block quotations within the text, and notes, as well as any appendixes, tables, and figure legends.
  • Page numbers should appear in the top right-hand corner of each page.
  • Paragraphing should be indicated with indentions, not with extra space between paragraphs.
  • Italics should be indicated with an italic typeface, not underlining. Please note that University of Chicago Press style discourages the use of italics for emphasis.
  • Dates should be formatted as Month day, year (e.g., July 4, 1776). Exception: dates in archival citations may follow the format used by the archive.
  • Quotation marks should always be double, not single; single quotation marks should be used only to set off quotations within quotations.
  • Punctuation with quotation marks: periods and commas at the ends of quotations should go inside the closing quotation mark. Other punctuation (colons, semicolons, question marks, exclamation points) should go outside unless part of the quotation. For more information, see Manual of Style 6.9-11.
  • Block quotations should generally be restricted to quoted material of more than 100 words. Shorter quotations should usually be run into the text. (For exceptions, see Manual of Style 13.10.)
  • Notes must be provided in the manuscript in the form of endnotes, beginning on a separate page following the text. No individual note should be longer than one manuscript page, as this makes it difficult for the typesetter to keep note numbers and note text on the same printed pages. For more information on note style, see below.
  • Acknowledgments should be given in an initial unnumbered note referenced by an asterisk after the article title; the text for this note should appear on the first page of endnotes before the first numbered note.
  • Appendixes must be typed with full double spacing and should be placed immediately after the text, preceding the notes. These pages should be numbered consecutively with the rest of the manuscript.
  • Tables should either be placed after the notes or provided in a separate file; each should begin on its own separate page. Tables should be prepared according to the University of Chicago Press’s Guidelines for Tables.
  • Figure legends should appear together on a separate page, double spaced, at the end of the manuscript.
  • Figures must be provided as camera-ready copy, preferably in an electronic format. For more information, see the University of Chicago Press’s Guidelines for Artwork. Contributors are responsible for obtaining any necessary permissions.

Note Style

Journal article

Author's name; article title in quotation marks; journal title in full, italic; volume number; year of issue; inclusive page numbers of article; specific page(s) cited, if applicable.


1. Robert O. Paxton, "The Five Stages of Fascism," Journal of Modern History 70 (1988): 1-23, 19.


Author's name (or editor's name, if no author); book title, italic; city of publication; year of publication; specific page(s) cited, if applicable. (Note: publishers' names are included only in the initial source information for books under review.)


1. Alvin Jackson, Ireland, 1798-1998 (Oxford, 1999), 26.
2. Anthony Molho and Gordon Wood, eds., Imagined Histories: American Historians Interpret the Past (Princeton, NJ, 1998).

Book in a series

1. Hannah Barker, Newspapers, Politics, and Public Opinion in Late Eighteenth-Century England, Oxford Historical Monographs, ed. R. R. Davies et al. (Oxford, 1998).

2. Jonathan Davies, Florence and Its University during the Early Renaissance, Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, ed. Jürgen Miethke et al., vol. 8 (Leiden, 1998), 115-16.

Translated book

1. Daniel Roche, France in the Enlightenment, trans. Arthur Goldhammer (Cambridge, MA, 1998).

Multivolume work

1. S. E. Finer, The History of Government, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1997), 1:583.

Chapter in an edited book

1. Ruth Ben-Ghiat, "Liberation: Italian Cinema and the Fascist Past, 1945-50," in Italian Fascism: History, Meaning, and Representation, ed. R. J. B. Bosworth and Patrizia Dogliani (New York, 1999), 83-101.

Dissertation or thesis:

1. Suzanne L. Marchand, "Archaelogy and Cultural Politics in Germany, 1800-1965: The Decline of Philhellenism" (Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1992).

For more detailed information on note forms, see the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., chap. 14.