Instruction for Authors

Manuscript Submission

Authors must submit manuscripts online via the American Journal of Education Editorial Manager system at Detailed instructions are available below. If you do not have access to the Web, please send one hard copy of your manuscript and a CD-R containing all relevant electronic files to the editorial office. It is no longer necessary to submit a hard copy in addition to an electronic submission.

Statement of Policy

The American Journal of Education is devoted to original inquiries in education, to the evaluation and synthesis of educational scholarship, and to scholarly commentary on educational practice. The Journal seeks (1) to bridge and integrate the intellectual, methodological, and substantive diversity of educational scholarship and (2) to encourage a vigorous dialogue between educational scholars and practitioners across a full spectrum of education—from early childhood to adult education—including matters of policy and governance and of the management and conduct of schools, colleges, and universities.

Therefore, the American Journal of Education is hospitable to scholarly writing on a variety of educational topics, from differing conceptual, methodological, and substantive approaches. Four kinds of papers are especially encouraged: (1) research reports addressing important topics and issues; (2) scholarly writing of other kinds—for example, theoretical statements and philosophical arguments; (3) critical syntheses of a field of educational inquiry; and (4) integrations of educational scholarship, policy, and practice.

Manuscripts will be reviewed for the significance of the problem, the originality of the contribution, the cogency of the method and argument, and the crispness and clarity of prose.

Authors who wish to respond in print to a book review are encouraged to submit a brief response of no more than 500 words. Reviewers will be given the opportunity to respond in the same issue

Formatting Electronic Files

Please adhere to the requirements below when submitting a new or revised manuscript via Editorial Manager. The system relies on automated processing to create a PDF file from your submission. If you do not follow these instructions, your submission cannot be processed and will not be received by the journal office.

Acceptable Formats

  • Microsoft Word (.doc)(any recent version)
  • Rich Text Format (.rtf)

File Contents

Word documents should be submitted as a single file. Authors should submit figures as separate files, in TIFF (.tif) or EPS (.eps) (not GIF [.gif] or JPEG [.jpg]) format.

Please note that authors of accepted manuscripts may be required to submit high-resolution hard copies of all figures during production, as not all digital art files are usable.

In addition to the main manuscript file, submit your cover letter as a separate file in the same format as your main file. If you used any revision or editorial tracking tools in your word-processing program, be sure the final version of your manuscript does not contain tracked changes.

Revised and Final Versions of Manuscripts

If you are submitting a revised manuscript, please include your responses to the reviewers' comments as part of the cover letter file. When submitting a revised manuscript with figures, include all figures, even if they have not changed since the previous version. The final version of your manuscript must be submitted in Word (doc.) or Rich Text (.rtf) format, because your keystrokes will be used in publication; a PDF does not contain usable character data and is thus not adequate. For both revised and final versions of manuscripts, please observe the same formatting instructions outlined above.

General Specifications

Anonymity of Authors

The editors review all submissions, and those deemed appropriate for AJE are sent anonymously to reviewers. The editors rely heavily on reviewers' judgments, although the editors are not bound by them. Strong efforts are made to ensure prompt decisions about acceptance. To protect anonymity, only the title should appear on the manuscript. A separate cover page should carry the title, author's name, and author's affiliation. All identifying references and notes should be separated from other references and notes. Citations in text to these references should be to "Identifying Reference" and the publication date.

Length Limit

Except in rare and justifiable cases, papers submitted to AJE should not exceed a total of 10,000 words, including footnotes, references, tables, and figures.

Additional supporting material not in the printed edition can be referenced in the print version and included in the online version of the article.

Manuscript Acceptance Policy

Manuscripts are accepted for publication subject to copyediting. Manuscript submission indicates the author's commitment to publish in AJE and to give AJE first publication rights. No paper known to be under consideration by another journal will be reviewed.

Preparation of Copy

  1. Type all copy double spaced—including indented matter, footnotes, and references—and allow generous margins at top, bottom, and sides of page.
  2. Footnotes are to be used only for substantive observations. Number footnotes consecutively, and place them on a separate page titled "Notes."
  3. Include an abstract (150 words or less) summarizing the paper's chief contribution.
  4. On a separate page, provide a two- or three-line biographical description (see recent issues of AJE for examples).

Tables and Figures

Each table should be typed double spaced on a separate page and referred to in numerical order in the text. Do not use vertical lines within the table. Place footnotes at the bottom of the table; indicate footnotes with lowercase letters. For further information about the preparation of tables, see the Guidelines for Tables.

Figures should be submitted as high-quality computer graphics. For further information about the preparation of figures, see the Guidelines for Artwork.


Citations in text

All sources listed in the reference list must be cited at appropriate points in the text by the author's last name, publication year, and pagination where appropriate, as indicated. When author's name is in text: Rader (1975). When author's name is not in text: (Wills 1976). When citing pagination (for a quote): (Bell 1967, 62). With dual authorship, give both names; for three or more, use "et al." For institutional authorship, identify from the beginning of the complete citation: (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1963, 117). When more than one reference to an author was published in one year, distinguish them by use of letters (a, b) attached to the publication year: (1956a). Enclose a series of references (in alphabetical order) within one pair of parentheses, separated by semicolons: (Bowles and Gintis 1976; Coleman 1973a; Kaiser 1964).

Reference format

List all items alphabetically by author and, within author, by publication year on a separate page titled "References." Do not use APA style. Examples of common references follow:

Books and chapters in books

Bowles, Samuel, and Herbert Gintis. 1976. Schooling in Capitalist America. New York: Basic Books.

Dorsey, John, ed. 1980. On Mencken. New York: Knopf.

Kaiser, Ernest. 1964. "The Literature of Harlem." In Harlem: A Community in Transition, J. H. Clarke. New York: Citadel.

Journals and periodicals

Coleman, James S. 1973a. "Loss of Power." American Sociological Review 38 (February): 1-17.

Karp, S. 1991. "Is All Black and All Male Right?" Z Magazine, June.

Smith, Charles. "The Right and Wrong Way to Teach." New York Times, March 8.


Trent, James Williams. 1964. "The Development of Intellectual Disposition within Catholic Colleges." PhD diss., University of California, Berkeley.

Various others (including Internet sites)

Farber, Donna. 1998. "Content Analysis of Teaching Materials." Working Paper 35, College of Education, University of Michigan.

Franklin, Quentin. 1983. "Food: Its Effect on Student Performance." Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, April 22.

Hall, Sherrie. 2002. "Inkster Schools Face State Takeover." Detroit News, April 10,

Radclife, H. 1981. "Literacy and Sandwiches: Significant Correlation?" Unpublished manuscript, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.


Online Submission Instructions

Please have the following items readily available before beginning the online submission process:

  • Manuscript in an acceptable format as described above
  • Cover letter as a separate file
  • Information from title page (to be typed into the peer review database): title, short title, list of authors and affiliations, and contact information for the corresponding author
  • Abstract of the manuscript (to be copied and pasted into a field in Editorial Manager)

Go to the AJE Editorial Manager system at to submit your manuscript. If you do not have access to the Web, please send one hard copy of your manuscript and a CD-R containing all relevant electronic files to the editorial office.